Cross-National Comparative Survey
on National Character


Latest Update

2017/7/4The Summary of Japan 2010 Survey is now available.
2017/5/18Opened "Hawaiian (including Japanese-American) living in the Mainland of US 1978-83"
2017/5/8Updated the References

--- A Study on Cultural Manifold Analysis (CULMAN) ---

¡From gStatistics for Warh to gStatistics for Peaceh

@Based on a proposal submitted by Japan National Research Council, the Institute of Statistical Mathematics (ISM) was founded under the Ministry of Education in 1944 during WWll. After the war, the ISM's mission was shifted from operations research to the development of official statistics and scientific public opinion systems for the post-war democracy in Japan. Most of systems on official statistics and survey research were established by the ISM as various collaborated works with members of other universities, institutes and the government, i.e., all over Japan.

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A view of Mt. Fuji from ISM
(office in Tachikawa)

¡Japanese Literacy Survey & Democracy
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A Graduation photography event in Vietnam - a country developing a free market, but also retaining Confucian traditions.

@During the post-war time, some people of the US government insisted on "Romanization of the Japanese language", because they believed that the use of Chinese characters presented difficulties in education and daily life. In 1948, the ISM played a central role in an interdisciplinary team under the Ministry of Education in order to carry out a nationwide survey on "the Japanese Literacy" based on statistical random sampling theory. The result confirmed the sufficient literacy of the Japanese to develop the post-war democracy and it eventually saved the Japanese language from possible social confusions. Based on the methodology invented in the survey, the ISM has started "the Japanese National Character Survey" in 1953 to study the attitudes, opinions, and social values of the people in daily life, which lasts over 60 years now. This is a world- widely unique and significant survey supported by the Ministry of Education, and it stimulated many other countries to start the same type of statistical sampling survey such as GSS in the USA, EuroBarometer in EU, etc.


¡Cross-National Comparative Survey on National Character

@Since 1971, it has been extended to cross-national surveys for more comprehensive study, including surveys on the Japanese immigrants in Hawaii and Brazil. The most significant task involves the cross-national comparability of the peoples beyond differences such as cultures, languages, and social systems. We have developed a paradigm called "Cultural Linkage Analysis" to overcome the difficulties of comparability, which has now evolved as "Cultural Manifold Analysis (CULMAN)" for the three sets of hierarchical comparative frameworks: time, space, and research themes. Now the Asia-Pacific Values Survey" has been in progress with the support of Japan Society for the Promotion of Science during 2010-2014 fiscal years.

Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research(S)
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Lal Qila (Red Fort) in Delhi: India is a multiethnic, multilingual, and multi-religious society.