Shanghai 2011 Survey Cross Tabulations
Update 2017/12/12
                                   
Q1 Over the next five years do you think your l iving conditions will get better or worse?                        
                                 
1 Much better                                  
2 Slightly better                                  
3 About the same                                  
4 Slightly worse                                  
5 Much Worse                                  
8 Other                                  
9 DK                                  
                                 
  1 2 3 4 5 8 9 Total N              
                                 
Total   35.9 48.1 8.5 3.4 1.1 0.6 2.4 100.0 1000              
                                   
Gender Male 33.7 48.8 9.5 3.2 1.4 0.8 2.6 100.0 496              
  Female 38.1 47.4 7.5 3.6 0.8 0.4 2.2 100.0 504              
                                   
Age Group 18-24 33.7 50.0 12.0 2.2 1.1 - 1.1 100.1 92              
  25-29 37.1 49.4 3.4 4.5 1.1 - 4.5 100.0 89              
  30-34 35.7 54.1 5.1 2.0 1.0 - 2.0 99.9 98              
  35-39 32.0 49.5 10.7 3.9 1.0 1.0 1.9 100.0 103              
  40-44 37.7 37.7 9.1 7.8 2.6 - 5.2 100.1 77              
  45-49 32.5 49.2 10.0 1.7 3.3 0.8 2.5 100.0 120              
  50-54 28.6 54.3 13.3 2.9 - - 1.0 100.1 105              
  55-59 42.2 40.2 7.8 4.9 - 1.0 3.9 100.0 102              
  60-64 39.6 47.7 6.3 3.6 0.9 0.9 0.9 99.9 111              
  65-69 44.4 51.1 2.2 - - - 2.2 99.9 45              
  70 or Older 37.9 43.1 10.3 3.4 - 3.4 1.7 99.8 58              
                                   
Male by Age Group 18-24 32.7 50.0 15.4 - - - 1.9 100.0 52              
  25-29 35.1 51.4 2.7 5.4 2.7 - 2.7 100.0 37              
  30-34 28.6 57.1 6.1 2.0 2.0 - 4.1 99.9 49              
  35-39 32.7 44.9 14.3 4.1 2.0 - 2.0 100.0 49              
  40-44 32.4 45.9 8.1 5.4 2.7 - 5.4 99.9 37              
  45-49 28.3 53.3 8.3 3.3 3.3 1.7 1.7 99.9 60              
  50-54 22.6 60.4 13.2 3.8 - - - 100.0 53              
  55-59 43.4 37.7 9.4 3.8 - 1.9 3.8 100.0 53              
  60-64 49.0 33.3 7.8 5.9 2.0 - 2.0 100.0 51              
  65-69 36.4 59.1 - - - - 4.5 100.0 22              
  70 or Older 30.3 48.5 12.1 - - 6.1 3.0 100.0 33              
                                   
Female by Age Group 18-24 35.0 50.0 7.5 5.0 2.5 - - 100.0 40              
  25-29 38.5 48.1 3.8 3.8 - - 5.8 100.0 52              
  30-34 42.9 51.0 4.1 2.0 - - - 100.0 49              
  35-39 31.5 53.7 7.4 3.7 - 1.9 1.9 100.1 54              
  40-44 42.5 30.0 10.0 10.0 2.5 - 5.0 100.0 40              
  45-49 36.7 45.0 11.7 - 3.3 - 3.3 100.0 60              
  50-54 34.6 48.1 13.5 1.9 - - 1.9 100.0 52              
  55-59 40.8 42.9 6.1 6.1 - - 4.1 100.0 49              
  60-64 31.7 60.0 5.0 1.7 - 1.7 - 100.1 60              
  65-69 52.2 43.5 4.3 - - - - 100.0 23              
  70 or Older 48.0 36.0 8.0 8.0 - - - 100.0 25              
                                   
Education 1 year or less 43.8 25.0 12.5 6.3 - - 12.5 100.1 16              
  Elementary school 48.1 40.7 5.6 1.9 - - 3.7 100.0 54              
  Junior high school 39.9 47.7 9.1 0.8 0.4 1.2 0.8 99.9 243              
  High school 35.1 46.2 8.9 5.5 1.5 - 2.8 100.0 325              
  Under graduate diploma 31.2 53.3 7.9 3.2 0.9 0.6 2.8 99.9 317              
  Advanced degree (masters, doctorate) 30.8 50.0 7.7 3.8 7.7 - - 100.0 26              
  Unclear 25.0 50.0 25.0 - - - - 100.0 4              
  Other 40.0 20.0 20.0 - - 20.0 - 100.0 5              
  DK 50.0 40.0 - 10.0 - - - 100.0 10              
                                   
Income 20000CNY 37.6 47.4 8.3 4.5 1.5 - 0.8 100.1 133              
  20001-40000CNY 38.7 47.3 9.1 2.9 0.8 - 1.2 100.0 243              
  40001-60000CNY 31.1 52.6 8.1 2.2 1.5 0.7 3.7 99.9 135              
  60001-80000CNY 44.4 37.0 12.3 3.7 - 2.5 - 99.9 81              
  80001-100000CNY 33.3 55.6 7.4 1.2 - 1.2 1.2 99.9 81              
  100001-150000CNY 33.8 51.4 4.1 4.1 2.7 - 4.1 100.2 74              
  150001-300000CNY 41.9 34.9 18.6 2.3 2.3 - - 100.0 43              
  300001CNY or more 42.9 57.1 - - - - - 100.0 7              
  Rfused 32.7 52.3 3.9 3.9 1.3 1.3 4.6 100.0 153              
  DK 28.0 40.0 16.0 8.0 - - 8.0 100.0 50              
                                   
                                   
Q2 Which one of the following countries or regions would you like to see                             
develop the friendliest relationship for our own national interest?                              
                                 
1 USA                                  
2 EU (European Union)                                  
3 Japan                                  
4 South Korea                                  
5 India                                  
6 Singapore                                  
7 Australia                                  
8 Other                                  
9 DK                                  
                                 
  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Total N          
                                 
Total   54.4 14.5 3.5 2.9 1.4 7.9 6.3 1.7 7.4 100.0 1000          
                                   
Gender Male 56.3 16.5 3.0 2.2 2.2 6.5 6.0 1.8 5.4 99.9 496          
  Female 52.6 12.5 4.0 3.6 0.6 9.3 6.5 1.6 9.3 100.0 504          
                                   
Age Group 18-24 53.3 14.1 5.4 1.1 2.2 10.9 8.7 1.1 3.3 100.1 92          
  25-29 62.9 13.5 3.4 4.5 - 5.6 3.4 - 6.7 100.0 89          
  30-34 52.0 20.4 5.1 2.0 2.0 7.1 6.1 - 5.1 99.8 98          
  35-39 42.7 20.4 2.9 5.8 2.9 9.7 7.8 1.9 5.8 99.9 103          
  40-44 51.9 16.9 1.3 1.3 - 10.4 5.2 2.6 10.4 100.0 77          
  45-49 50.8 15.8 5.0 1.7 1.7 8.3 5.8 2.5 8.3 99.9 120          
  50-54 56.2 11.4 1.9 2.9 2.9 6.7 9.5 1.9 6.7 100.1 105          
  55-59 58.8 8.8 2.0 3.9 2.0 6.9 6.9 2.0 8.8 100.1 102          
  60-64 58.6 14.4 4.5 0.9 - 8.1 4.5 0.9 8.1 100.0 111          
  65-69 66.7 13.3 4.4 4.4 - 2.2 - - 8.9 99.9 45          
  70 or Older 50.0 6.9 1.7 5.2 - 8.6 8.6 6.9 12.1 100.0 58          
                                   
Male by Age Group 18-24 55.8 13.5 3.8 1.9 3.8 13.5 5.8 1.9 - 100.0 52          
  25-29 62.2 18.9 2.7 - - 8.1 5.4 - 2.7 100.0 37          
  30-34 49.0 24.5 8.2 - 4.1 4.1 4.1 - 6.1 100.1 49          
  35-39 40.8 30.6 4.1 8.2 2.0 2.0 6.1 2.0 4.1 99.9 49          
  40-44 56.8 16.2 2.7 - - 8.1 5.4 - 10.8 100.0 37          
  45-49 48.3 15.0 3.3 1.7 1.7 10.0 6.7 3.3 10.0 100.0 60          
  50-54 69.8 13.2 1.9 - 5.7 3.8 3.8 - 1.9 100.1 53          
  55-59 58.5 11.3 - 3.8 3.8 5.7 9.4 1.9 5.7 100.1 53          
  60-64 64.7 15.7 2.0 - - 3.9 5.9 - 7.8 100.0 51          
  65-69 77.3 13.6 4.5 4.5 - - - - - 99.9 22          
  70 or Older 45.5 6.1 - 6.1 - 9.1 12.1 12.1 9.1 100.1 33          
                                   
Female by Age Group 18-24 50.0 15.0 7.5 - - 7.5 12.5 - 7.5 100.0 40          
  25-29 63.5 9.6 3.8 7.7 - 3.8 1.9 - 9.6 99.9 52          
  30-34 55.1 16.3 2.0 4.1 - 10.2 8.2 - 4.1 100.0 49          
  35-39 44.4 11.1 1.9 3.7 3.7 16.7 9.3 1.9 7.4 100.1 54          
  40-44 47.5 17.5 - 2.5 - 12.5 5.0 5.0 10.0 100.0 40          
  45-49 53.3 16.7 6.7 1.7 1.7 6.7 5.0 1.7 6.7 100.2 60          
  50-54 42.3 9.6 1.9 5.8 - 9.6 15.4 3.8 11.5 99.9 52          
  55-59 59.2 6.1 4.1 4.1 - 8.2 4.1 2.0 12.2 100.0 49          
  60-64 53.3 13.3 6.7 1.7 - 11.7 3.3 1.7 8.3 100.0 60          
  65-69 56.5 13.0 4.3 4.3 - 4.3 - - 17.4 99.8 23          
  70 or Older 56.0 8.0 4.0 4.0 - 8.0 4.0 - 16.0 100.0 25          
                                   
Education 1 year or less 68.8 - 6.3 - - 6.3 - - 18.8 100.2 16          
  Elementary school 64.8 5.6 3.7 5.6 - 1.9 5.6 - 13.0 100.2 54          
  Junior high school 53.1 10.3 4.9 2.5 2.1 7.0 6.2 2.5 11.5 100.1 243          
  High school 50.5 15.7 2.5 3.7 1.2 10.2 7.4 2.2 6.8 100.2 325          
  Under graduate diploma 57.4 18.9 2.8 2.2 0.9 7.6 5.7 0.9 3.5 99.9 317          
  Advanced degree (masters, doctorate) 57.7 15.4 3.8 - 3.8 7.7 7.7 - 3.8 99.9 26          
  Unclear 25.0 25.0 25.0 - - 25.0 - - - 100.0 4          
  Other 20.0 - 20.0 20.0 - - 20.0 20.0 - 100.0 5          
  DK 60.0 10.0 - - 10.0 - - - 20.0 100.0 10          
                                   
Income 20000CNY 53.4 10.5 5.3 3.0 0.8 12.8 3.8 3.8 6.8 100.2 133          
  20001-40000CNY 53.9 11.1 3.7 4.5 0.4 7.8 9.1 1.2 8.2 99.9 243          
  40001-60000CNY 47.4 20.0 4.4 2.2 2.2 6.7 9.6 2.2 5.2 99.9 135          
  60001-80000CNY 69.1 13.6 3.7 2.5 1.2 4.9 2.5 1.2 1.2 99.9 81          
  80001-100000CNY 64.2 13.6 2.5 1.2 1.2 8.6 3.7 1.2 3.7 99.9 81          
  100001-150000CNY 63.5 16.2 4.1 2.7 2.7 6.8 1.4 - 2.7 100.1 74          
  150001-300000CNY 67.4 7.0 - 4.7 - 9.3 4.7 2.3 4.7 100.1 43          
  300001CNY or more 42.9 28.6 - - - - 14.3 - 14.3 100.1 7          
  Rfused 47.1 20.3 2.0 2.0 2.6 5.2 6.5 2.0 12.4 100.1 153          
  DK 38.0 14.0 4.0 2.0 2.0 12.0 8.0 - 20.0 100.0 50          
                                   
                                   
Q3 If you could be born again in a country or area other than Mainland China,                             
which one of the following countries or area (s) would you like to be born in?                            
                                   
1 Japan                                  
2 South Korea                                  
3 Taiwan                                  
4 Hong Kong                                  
5 India                                  
6 Singapore                                  
7 Australia
8 Other
9 DK
 
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Total N
 
Total   8.6 3.7 4.7 23.4 1.1 22.8 25.2 3.1 7.4 100.0 1000          
                                   
Gender Male 8.9 1.8 5.4 26.2 1.0 21.6 25.8 2.4 6.9 100.0 496          
  Female 8.3 5.6 4.0 20.6 1.2 24.0 24.6 3.8 7.9 100.0 504          
                                   
Age Group 18-24 14.1 6.5 5.4 26.1 - 21.7 22.8 - 3.3 99.9 92          
  25-29 11.2 5.6 - 29.2 - 22.5 21.3 - 10.1 99.9 89          
  30-34 8.2 4.1 3.1 24.5 1.0 22.4 32.7 2.0 2.0 100.0 98          
  35-39 7.8 3.9 3.9 17.5 1.0 24.3 30.1 5.8 5.8 100.1 103          
  40-44 6.5 1.3 3.9 19.5 1.3 31.2 22.1 3.9 10.4 100.1 77          
  45-49 10.0 5.0 5.0 22.5 1.7 20.8 28.3 0.8 5.8 99.9 120          
  50-54 10.5 1.9 7.6 15.2 1.0 22.9 31.4 2.9 6.7 100.1 105          
  55-59 4.9 2.9 4.9 26.5 1.0 22.5 23.5 5.9 7.8 99.9 102          
  60-64 9.0 4.5 4.5 23.4 0.9 28.8 17.1 6.3 5.4 99.9 111          
  65-69 6.7 - 8.9 35.6 2.2 11.1 15.6 2.2 17.8 100.1 45          
  70 or Older 1.7 1.7 6.9 25.9 3.4 13.8 25.9 3.4 17.2 99.9 58          
                                   
Male by Age Group 18-24 19.2 3.8 3.8 23.1 - 21.2 26.9 - 1.9 99.9 52          
  25-29 16.2 2.7 - 27.0 - 27.0 21.6 - 5.4 99.9 37          
  30-34 4.1 2.0 2.0 32.7 - 24.5 30.6 2.0 2.0 99.9 49          
  35-39 8.2 4.1 2.0 20.4 2.0 28.6 24.5 4.1 6.1 100.0 49          
  40-44 5.4 - 5.4 21.6 - 21.6 29.7 2.7 13.5 99.9 37          
  45-49 8.3 1.7 8.3 21.7 1.7 21.7 31.7 - 5.0 100.1 60          
  50-54 13.2 1.9 11.3 20.8 - 15.1 30.2 1.9 5.7 100.1 53          
  55-59 5.7 - 7.5 32.1 1.9 17.0 24.5 5.7 5.7 100.1 53          
  60-64 3.9 2.0 2.0 27.5 2.0 31.4 19.6 3.9 7.8 100.1 51          
  65-69 9.1 - 13.6 50.0 - 9.1 9.1 - 9.1 100.0 22          
  70 or Older 3.0 - 6.1 24.2 3.0 12.1 24.2 6.1 21.2 99.9 33          
                                   
Female by Age Group 18-24 7.5 10.0 7.5 30.0 - 22.5 17.5 - 5.0 100.0 40          
  25-29 7.7 7.7 - 30.8 - 19.2 21.2 - 13.5 100.1 52          
  30-34 12.2 6.1 4.1 16.3 2.0 20.4 34.7 2.0 2.0 99.8 49          
  35-39 7.4 3.7 5.6 14.8 - 20.4 35.2 7.4 5.6 100.1 54          
  40-44 7.5 2.5 2.5 17.5 2.5 40.0 15.0 5.0 7.5 100.0 40          
  45-49 11.7 8.3 1.7 23.3 1.7 20.0 25.0 1.7 6.7 100.1 60          
  50-54 7.7 1.9 3.8 9.6 1.9 30.8 32.7 3.8 7.7 99.9 52          
  55-59 4.1 6.1 2.0 20.4 - 28.6 22.4 6.1 10.2 99.9 49          
  60-64 13.3 6.7 6.7 20.0 - 26.7 15.0 8.3 3.3 100.0 60          
  65-69 4.3 - 4.3 21.7 4.3 13.0 21.7 4.3 26.1 99.7 23          
  70 or Older - 4.0 8.0 28.0 4.0 16.0 28.0 - 12.0 100.0 25          
                                   
Education 1 year or less 6.3 6.3 - 25.0 - 12.5 12.5 6.3 31.3 100.2 16          
  Elementary school 9.3 1.9 11.1 24.1 3.7 16.7 11.1 - 22.2 100.1 54          
  Junior high school 6.2 4.1 6.6 27.2 2.1 20.2 22.2 5.3 6.2 100.1 243          
  High school 9.2 4.6 4.9 21.8 0.9 26.5 23.4 1.5 7.1 99.9 325          
  Under graduate diploma 8.8 2.2 2.2 22.4 - 23.7 32.2 3.5 5.0 100.0 317          
  Advanced degree (masters, doctorate) 15.4 3.8 - 30.8 - 11.5 30.8 - 7.7 100.0 26          
  Unclear - - 25.0 - 25.0 25.0 25.0 - - 100.0 4          
  Other 40.0 - 20.0 - - - 40.0 - - 100.0 5          
  DK 10.0 20.0 - 10.0 - 30.0 10.0 10.0 10.0 100.0 10          
                                   
Income 20000CNY 10.5 3.0 6.0 16.5 4.5 27.8 19.5 3.8 8.3 99.9 133          
  20001-40000CNY 10.3 4.9 6.6 28.4 1.2 18.1 20.6 4.1 5.8 100.0 243          
  40001-60000CNY 5.9 3.0 5.2 25.9 0.7 21.5 27.4 3.0 7.4 100.0 135          
  60001-80000CNY 6.2 2.5 4.9 17.3 - 35.8 25.9 2.5 4.9 100.0 81          
  80001-100000CNY 8.6 1.2 2.5 24.7 - 23.5 29.6 2.5 7.4 100.0 81          
  100001-150000CNY 9.5 2.7 5.4 29.7 - 25.7 18.9 2.7 5.4 100.0 74          
  150001-300000CNY 11.6 4.7 - 16.3 - 23.3 41.9 - 2.3 100.1 43          
  300001CNY or more 14.3 - - 14.3 - - 57.1 14.3 - 100.0 7          
  Rfused 7.8 3.9 2.0 19.0 0.7 22.2 32.7 2.0 9.8 100.1 153          
  DK 4.0 8.0 6.0 30.0 - 14.0 16.0 4.0 18.0 100.0 50          
                                   
                                   
Q4 Now, if you could be born again, would you like to be a boy or a girl?
 
1 Boy
2 Girl
8 Other
9 DK
1 2 8 9 Total N
 
Total   57.5 33.9 3.3 5.3 100.0 1000                    
                                   
Gender Male 74.6 17.1 2.8 5.4 99.9 496                    
  Female 40.7 50.4 3.8 5.2 100.1 504                    
                                   
Age Group 18-24 60.9 32.6 2.2 4.3 100.0 92                    
  25-29 56.2 33.7 1.1 9.0 100.0 89                    
  30-34 59.2 33.7 1.0 6.1 100.0 98                    
  35-39 53.4 38.8 1.9 5.8 99.9 103                    
  40-44 64.9 28.6 - 6.5 100.0 77                    
  45-49 55.0 37.5 3.3 4.2 100.0 120                    
  50-54 57.1 33.3 4.8 4.8 100.0 105                    
  55-59 56.9 33.3 5.9 3.9 100.0 102                    
  60-64 61.3 31.5 6.3 0.9 100.0 111                    
  65-69 48.9 37.8 4.4 8.9 100.0 45                    
  70 or Older 55.2 31.0 5.2 8.6 100.0 58                    
                                   
Male by Age Group 18-24 82.7 13.5 - 3.8 100.0 52                    
  25-29 78.4 16.2 - 5.4 100.0 37                    
  30-34 71.4 20.4 - 8.2 100.0 49                    
  35-39 77.6 18.4 2.0 2.0 100.0 49                    
  40-44 81.1 8.1 - 10.8 100.0 37                    
  45-49 65.0 25.0 3.3 6.7 100.0 60                    
  50-54 69.8 20.8 3.8 5.7 100.1 53                    
  55-59 71.7 17.0 7.5 3.8 100.0 53                    
  60-64 82.4 13.7 3.9 - 100.0 51                    
  65-69 72.7 13.6 4.5 9.1 99.9 22                    
  70 or Older 69.7 15.2 6.1 9.1 100.1 33                    
                                   
Female by Age Group 18-24 32.5 57.5 5.0 5.0 100.0 40                    
  25-29 40.4 46.2 1.9 11.5 100.0 52                    
  30-34 46.9 46.9 2.0 4.1 99.9 49                    
  35-39 31.5 57.4 1.9 9.3 100.1 54                    
  40-44 50.0 47.5 - 2.5 100.0 40                    
  45-49 45.0 50.0 3.3 1.7 100.0 60                    
  50-54 44.2 46.2 5.8 3.8 100.0 52                    
  55-59 40.8 51.0 4.1 4.1 100.0 49                    
  60-64 43.3 46.7 8.3 1.7 100.0 60                    
  65-69 26.1 60.9 4.3 8.7 100.0 23                    
  70 or Older 36.0 52.0 4.0 8.0 100.0 25                    
                                   
Education 1 year or less 56.3 43.8 - - 100.1 16                    
  Elementary school 57.4 35.2 - 7.4 100.0 54                    
  Junior high school 57.6 33.7 4.9 3.7 99.9 243                    
  High school 55.1 35.4 4.0 5.5 100.0 325                    
  Under graduate diploma 59.9 33.1 1.9 5.0 99.9 317                    
  Advanced degree (masters, doctorate) 61.5 23.1 - 15.4 100.0 26                    
  Unclear 50.0 50.0 - - 100.0 4                    
  Other 60.0 20.0 - 20.0 100.0 5                    
  DK 50.0 20.0 20.0 10.0 100.0 10                    
                                   
Income 20000CNY 58.6 35.3 2.3 3.8 100.0 133                    
  20001-40000CNY 61.7 30.0 3.7 4.5 99.9 243                    
  40001-60000CNY 55.6 37.0 3.0 4.4 100.0 135                    
  60001-80000CNY 50.6 40.7 2.5 6.2 100.0 81                    
  80001-100000CNY 60.5 25.9 4.9 8.6 99.9 81                    
  100001-150000CNY 64.9 28.4 1.4 5.4 100.1 74                    
  150001-300000CNY 58.1 37.2 - 4.7 100.0 43                    
  300001CNY or more 28.6 71.4 - - 100.0 7                    
  Rfused 51.6 37.3 5.2 5.9 100.0 153                    
  DK 56.0 32.0 4.0 8.0 100.0 50                    
                                   
                                   
Q5 Would you say you are, on the whole, more or less inclined than the average Japanese to respect your ancestors?                  
                                   
1 More than the average Japanese                                
2 Less than the average Japanese                                
3 Average                                  
8 Other                                  
9 DK                                  
                                   
    1 2 3 8 9 Total N                  
                                   
Total   62.1 4.6 32.0 0.1 1.2 100.0 1000                  
    - - - - - 0.0                    
Gender Male 62.5 4.6 31.7 0.2 1.0 100.0 496                  
  Female 61.7 4.6 32.3 - 1.4 100.0 504                  
                                   
Age Group 18-24 50.0 8.7 40.2 - 1.1 100.0 92                  
  25-29 60.7 5.6 32.6 - 1.1 100.0 89                  
  30-34 59.2 5.1 35.7 - - 100.0 98                  
  35-39 58.3 4.9 34.0 - 2.9 100.1 103                  
  40-44 63.6 2.6 31.2 1.3 1.3 100.0 77                  
  45-49 56.7 5.8 36.7 - 0.8 100.0 120                  
  50-54 68.6 2.9 28.6 - - 100.1 105                  
  55-59 65.7 4.9 27.5 - 2.0 100.1 102                  
  60-64 68.5 2.7 27.0 - 1.8 100.0 111                  
  65-69 64.4 2.2 33.3 - - 99.9 45                  
  70 or Older 72.4 3.4 22.4 - 1.7 99.9 58                  
                                   
Male by Age Group 18-24 44.2 7.7 46.2 - 1.9 100.0 52                  
  25-29 62.2 10.8 27.0 - - 100.0 37                  
  30-34 65.3 4.1 30.6 - - 100.0 49                  
  35-39 63.3 2.0 32.7 - 2.0 100.0 49                  
  40-44 64.9 2.7 27.0 2.7 2.7 100.0 37                  
  45-49 53.3 5.0 41.7 - - 100.0 60                  
  50-54 67.9 3.8 28.3 - - 100.0 53                  
  55-59 66.0 5.7 28.3 - - 100.0 53                  
  60-64 68.6 2.0 25.5 - 3.9 100.0 51                  
  65-69 63.6 4.5 31.8 - - 99.9 22                  
  70 or Older 75.8 3.0 21.2 - - 100.0 33                  
                                   
Female by Age Group 18-24 57.5 10.0 32.5 - - 100.0 40                  
  25-29 59.6 1.9 36.5 - 1.9 99.9 52                  
  30-34 53.1 6.1 40.8 - - 100.0 49                  
  35-39 53.7 7.4 35.2 - 3.7 100.0 54                  
  40-44 62.5 2.5 35.0 - - 100.0 40                  
  45-49 60.0 6.7 31.7 - 1.7 100.1 60                  
  50-54 69.2 1.9 28.8 - - 99.9 52                  
  55-59 65.3 4.1 26.5 - 4.1 100.0 49                  
  60-64 68.3 3.3 28.3 - - 99.9 60                  
  65-69 65.2 - 34.8 - - 100.0 23                  
  70 or Older 68.0 4.0 24.0 - 4.0 100.0 25                  
                                   
Education 1 year or less 62.5 - 37.5 - - 100.0 16                  
  Elementary school 74.1 1.9 20.4 - 3.7 100.1 54                  
  Junior high school 62.6 4.9 30.5 - 2.1 100.1 243                  
  High school 67.4 3.7 28.6 - 0.3 100.0 325                  
  Under graduate diploma 55.2 6.0 37.2 0.3 1.3 100.0 317                  
  Advanced degree (masters, doctorate) 46.2 3.8 50.0 - - 100.0 26                  
  Unclear 25.0 25.0 50.0 - - 100.0 4                  
  Other 60.0 - 40.0 - - 100.0 5                  
  DK 90.0 - 10.0 - - 100.0 10                  
                                   
Income 20000CNY 76.7 8.3 14.3 - 0.8 100.1 133                  
  20001-40000CNY 63.8 2.1 32.1 - 2.1 100.1 243                  
  40001-60000CNY 53.3 8.9 36.3 - 1.5 100.0 135                  
  60001-80000CNY 63.0 3.7 33.3 - - 100.0 81                  
  80001-100000CNY 54.3 8.6 35.8 - 1.2 99.9 81                  
  100001-150000CNY 56.8 2.7 37.8 1.4 1.4 100.1 74                  
  150001-300000CNY 65.1 2.3 32.6 - - 100.0 43                  
  300001CNY or more 57.1 - 42.9 - - 100.0 7                  
  Rfused 63.4 0.7 34.6 - 1.3 100.0 153                  
  DK 52.0 8.0 40.0 - - 100.0 50                  
                                   
                                   
                                   
Q6 If you had no children, would you think it desirable to adopt a child in order to continue the family line, even if there is no blood relationship?            
                                   
1 Would adopt                                  
2 Would not adopt                                  
3 Depends on situation                                  
8 Other                                  
9 DK                                  
                                   
                                   
    1 2 3 8 9 Total N                  
                                   
Total   25.7 55.5 16.2 0.2 2.4 100.0 1000                  
                                   
Gender Male 27.6 54.2 15.7 - 2.4 99.9 496                  
  Female 23.8 56.7 16.7 0.4 2.4 100.0 504                  
                                   
Age Group 18-24 28.3 53.3 15.2 - 3.3 100.1 92                  
  25-29 22.5 62.9 11.2 - 3.4 100.0 89                  
  30-34 23.5 49.0 26.5 - 1.0 100.0 98                  
  35-39 26.2 52.4 18.4 - 2.9 99.9 103                  
  40-44 19.5 57.1 19.5 1.3 2.6 100.0 77                  
  45-49 25.0 60.0 13.3 - 1.7 100.0 120                  
  50-54 18.1 65.7 16.2 - - 100.0 105                  
  55-59 28.4 51.0 17.6 - 2.9 99.9 102                  
  60-64 25.2 52.3 18.0 0.9 3.6 100.0 111                  
  65-69 31.1 57.8 8.9 - 2.2 100.0 45                  
  70 or Older 44.8 46.6 5.2 - 3.4 100.0 58                  
                                   
Male by Age Group 18-24 26.9 50.0 17.3 - 5.8 100.0 52                  
  25-29 21.6 64.9 10.8 - 2.7 100.0 37                  
  30-34 20.4 55.1 24.5 - - 100.0 49                  
  35-39 26.5 53.1 18.4 - 2.0 100.0 49                  
  40-44 24.3 54.1 18.9 - 2.7 100.0 37                  
  45-49 23.3 60.0 15.0 - 1.7 100.0 60                  
  50-54 20.8 64.2 15.1 - - 100.1 53                  
  55-59 41.5 41.5 15.1 - 1.9 100.0 53                  
  60-64 19.6 58.8 15.7 - 5.9 100.0 51                  
  65-69 45.5 40.9 13.6 - - 100.0 22                  
  70 or Older 48.5 45.5 3.0 - 3.0 100.0 33                  
                                   
Female by Age Group 18-24 30.0 57.5 12.5 - - 100.0 40                  
  25-29 23.1 61.5 11.5 - 3.8 99.9 52                  
  30-34 26.5 42.9 28.6 - 2.0 100.0 49                  
  35-39 25.9 51.9 18.5 - 3.7 100.0 54                  
  40-44 15.0 60.0 20.0 2.5 2.5 100.0 40                  
  45-49 26.7 60.0 11.7 - 1.7 100.1 60                  
  50-54 15.4 67.3 17.3 - - 100.0 52                  
  55-59 14.3 61.2 20.4 - 4.1 100.0 49                  
  60-64 30.0 46.7 20.0 1.7 1.7 100.1 60                  
  65-69 17.4 73.9 4.3 - 4.3 99.9 23                  
  70 or Older 40.0 48.0 8.0 - 4.0 100.0 25                  
                                   
Education 1 year or less 56.3 37.5 6.3 - - 100.1 16                  
  Elementary school 33.3 50.0 11.1 - 5.6 100.0 54                  
  Junior high school 30.0 53.5 13.2 0.4 2.9 100.0 243                  
  High school 22.2 60.0 15.7 0.3 1.8 100.0 325                  
  Under graduate diploma 24.0 53.9 19.6 - 2.5 100.0 317                  
  Advanced degree (masters, doctorate) 19.2 61.5 19.2 - - 99.9 26                  
  Unclear 25.0 25.0 50.0 - - 100.0 4                  
  Other - 80.0 20.0 - - 100.0 5                  
  DK 30.0 50.0 20.0 - - 100.0 10                  
                                   
Income 20000CNY 36.1 53.4 6.8 0.8 3.0 100.1 133                  
  20001-40000CNY 25.9 57.6 15.2 - 1.2 99.9 243                  
  40001-60000CNY 22.2 65.2 11.1 - 1.5 100.0 135                  
  60001-80000CNY 23.5 44.4 28.4 - 3.7 100.0 81                  
  80001-100000CNY 27.2 55.6 14.8 - 2.5 100.1 81                  
  100001-150000CNY 12.2 58.1 25.7 1.4 2.7 100.1 74                  
  150001-300000CNY 27.9 58.1 14.0 - - 100.0 43                  
  300001CNY or more 42.9 42.9 14.3 - - 100.1 7                  
  Rfused 22.9 52.9 19.6 - 4.6 100.0 153                  
  DK 32.0 46.0 20.0 - 2.0 100.0 50                  
                                   
                                   
Q7 In general, what would you think is the ideal number of children in a family?                          
                                   
99 DK                                  
                                   
                                   
    0 1 2 3 4 5 99 Total N              
                                   
Total   0.7 24.3 68.8 4.7 0.6 0.2 0.7 100.0 1000              
                                   
Gender Male 0.8 25.2 67.9 4.6 0.6 - 0.8 99.9 496              
  Female 0.6 23.4 69.6 4.8 0.6 0.4 0.6 100.0 504              
    0.0 1.0 2.0 3.0 4.0 5.0 Don't Know 15.0                
Age Group 18-24 1.1 26.1 66.3 5.4 - - 1.1 100.0 92              
  25-29 2.2 31.5 60.7 3.4 - - 2.2 100.0 89              
  30-34 - 20.4 73.5 6.1 - - - 100.0 98              
  35-39 - 22.3 72.8 3.9 - - 1.0 100.0 103              
  40-44 3.9 18.2 75.3 1.3 - - 1.3 100.0 77              
  45-49 - 25.0 69.2 3.3 1.7 - 0.8 100.0 120              
  50-54 - 26.7 70.5 2.9 - - - 100.1 105              
  55-59 - 30.4 66.7 2.0 - - 1.0 100.1 102              
  60-64 - 24.3 70.3 2.7 0.9 1.8 - 100.0 111              
  65-69 - 20.0 75.6 2.2 2.2 - - 100.0 45              
  70 or Older 1.7 15.5 53.4 25.9 3.4 - - 99.9 58              
                                   
Male by Age Group 18-24 1.9 23.1 71.2 1.9 - - 1.9 100.0 52              
  25-29 2.7 27.0 62.2 2.7 - - 5.4 100.0 37              
  30-34 - 22.4 71.4 6.1 - - - 99.9 49              
  35-39 - 26.5 71.4 2.0 - - - 99.9 49              
  40-44 5.4 27.0 67.6 - - - - 100.0 37              
  45-49 - 26.7 65.0 5.0 1.7 - 1.7 100.1 60              
  50-54 - 24.5 73.6 1.9 - - - 100.0 53              
  55-59 - 28.3 67.9 3.8 - - - 100.0 53              
  60-64 - 27.5 68.6 3.9 - - - 100.0 51              
  65-69 - 27.3 68.2 - 4.5 - - 100.0 22              
  70 or Older - 15.2 54.5 27.3 3.0 - - 100.0 33              
    0.8 25.2 67.9 4.6 0.6 - 0.8 99.9                
Female by Age Group 18-24 - 30.0 60.0 10.0 - - - 100.0 40              
  25-29 1.9 34.6 59.6 3.8 - - - 99.9 52              
  30-34 - 18.4 75.5 6.1 - - - 100.0 49              
  35-39 - 18.5 74.1 5.6 - - 1.9 100.1 54              
  40-44 2.5 10.0 82.5 2.5 - - 2.5 100.0 40              
  45-49 - 23.3 73.3 1.7 1.7 - - 100.0 60              
  50-54 - 28.8 67.3 3.8 - - - 99.9 52              
  55-59 - 32.7 65.3 - - - 2.0 100.0 49              
  60-64 - 21.7 71.7 1.7 1.7 3.3 - 100.1 60              
  65-69 - 13.0 82.6 4.3 - - - 99.9 23              
  70 or Older 4.0 16.0 52.0 24.0 4.0 - - 100.0 25              
                                   
Education 1 year or less 6.3 6.3 50.0 31.3 6.3 - - 100.2 16              
  Elementary school - 9.3 83.3 5.6 1.9 - - 100.1 54              
  Junior high school 0.8 25.1 68.7 4.9 0.4 - - 99.9 243              
  High school - 25.5 68.0 4.0 0.3 0.6 1.5 99.9 325              
  Under graduate diploma 0.9 25.9 68.8 3.5 0.6 - 0.3 100.0 317              
  Advanced degree (masters, doctorate) - 23.1 69.2 7.7 - - - 100.0 26              
  Unclear 25.0 50.0 25.0 - - - - 100.0 4              
  Other - 20.0 60.0 - - - 20.0 100.0 5              
  DK - 20.0 70.0 10.0 - - - 100.0 10              
                                   
Income 20000CNY 1.5 26.3 63.2 7.5 0.8 - 0.8 100.1 133              
  20001-40000CNY 0.4 19.8 73.7 4.5 0.4 - 1.2 100.0 243              
  40001-60000CNY - 26.7 69.6 3.7 - - - 100.0 135              
  60001-80000CNY 1.2 22.2 71.6 3.7 1.2 - - 99.9 81              
  80001-100000CNY - 25.9 70.4 2.5 - 1.2 - 100.0 81              
  100001-150000CNY 1.4 18.9 75.7 2.7 - - 1.4 100.1 74              
  150001-300000CNY - 14.0 76.7 4.7 - 2.3 2.3 100.0 43              
  300001CNY or more - 28.6 71.4 - - - - 100.0 7              
  Rfused 0.7 29.4 64.1 4.6 0.7 - 0.7 100.2 153              
  DK 2.0 36.0 48.0 10.0 4.0 - - 100.0 50              
                                   
                                   
                                   
Q8 There are all sorts of attitudes toward life.                                 
Which one of the following statements would you say comes closest to your way of life? SINGLE RESPONSE                    
                                   
1 Lead an honest and ethical life                                
2 Make a social commitment by being active in volunteer work                              
3 Work hard and get rich                                  
4 Make a name for yourself by studying earnestly                                
5 Don't think about money or fame; just live a life that suits your own taste                            
6 Live each day as it comes, cheerfully and without worrying                                
8 Other                                  
9 DK                                  
                                   
                                   
    1 2 3 4 5 6 8 9 Total N            
                                   
Total   42.2 13.7 9.8 2.4 20.1 11.2 0.2 0.4 100.0 1000            
                                   
Gender Male 40.7 14.1 12.1 2.0 20.0 10.5 0.4 0.2 100.0 496            
  Female 43.7 13.3 7.5 2.8 20.2 11.9 - 0.6 100.0 504            
                                   
Age Group 18-24 31.5 5.4 16.3 5.4 25.0 16.3 - - 99.9 92            
  25-29 32.6 11.2 12.4 7.9 31.5 4.5 - - 100.1 89            
  30-34 26.5 15.3 7.1 1.0 32.7 17.3 - - 99.9 98            
  35-39 44.7 12.6 16.5 - 16.5 7.8 1.0 1.0 100.1 103            
  40-44 39.0 14.3 10.4 2.6 15.6 16.9 1.3 - 100.1 77            
  45-49 43.3 10.0 11.7 3.3 20.8 10.8 - - 99.9 120            
  50-54 42.9 16.2 8.6 1.9 19.0 11.4 - - 100.0 105            
  55-59 54.9 17.6 4.9 2.0 9.8 9.8 - 1.0 100.0 102            
  60-64 51.4 14.4 5.4 0.9 16.2 10.8 - 0.9 100.0 111            
  65-69 53.3 20.0 6.7 - 15.6 2.2 - 2.2 100.0 45            
  70 or Older 48.3 19.0 5.2 - 15.5 12.1 - - 100.1 58            
                                   
Male by Age Group 18-24 28.8 7.7 23.1 7.7 17.3 15.4 - - 100.0 52            
  25-29 21.6 21.6 16.2 8.1 29.7 2.7 - - 99.9 37            
  30-34 26.5 12.2 10.2 - 36.7 14.3 - - 99.9 49            
  35-39 38.8 16.3 14.3 - 18.4 8.2 2.0 2.0 100.0 49            
  40-44 35.1 18.9 13.5 2.7 16.2 10.8 2.7 - 99.9 37            
  45-49 43.3 13.3 11.7 3.3 23.3 5.0 - - 99.9 60            
  50-54 47.2 15.1 9.4 - 17.0 11.3 - - 100.0 53            
  55-59 52.8 13.2 7.5 - 13.2 13.2 - - 99.9 53            
  60-64 52.9 7.8 9.8 - 13.7 15.7 - - 99.9 51            
  65-69 63.6 9.1 4.5 - 22.7 - - - 99.9 22            
  70 or Older 42.4 24.2 9.1 - 12.1 12.1 - - 99.9 33            
                                   
Female by Age Group 18-24 35.0 2.5 7.5 2.5 35.0 17.5 - - 100.0 40            
  25-29 40.4 3.8 9.6 7.7 32.7 5.8 - - 100.0 52            
  30-34 26.5 18.4 4.1 2.0 28.6 20.4 - - 100.0 49            
  35-39 50.0 9.3 18.5 - 14.8 7.4 - - 100.0 54            
  40-44 42.5 10.0 7.5 2.5 15.0 22.5 - - 100.0 40            
  45-49 43.3 6.7 11.7 3.3 18.3 16.7 - - 100.0 60            
  50-54 38.5 17.3 7.7 3.8 21.2 11.5 - - 100.0 52            
  55-59 57.1 22.4 2.0 4.1 6.1 6.1 - 2.0 99.8 49            
  60-64 50.0 20.0 1.7 1.7 18.3 6.7 - 1.7 100.1 60            
  65-69 43.5 30.4 8.7 - 8.7 4.3 - 4.3 99.9 23            
  70 or Older 56.0 12.0 - - 20.0 12.0 - - 100.0 25            
                                   
Education 1 year or less 62.5 12.5 - - 6.3 18.8 - - 100.1 16            
  Elementary school 57.4 13.0 7.4 1.9 9.3 9.3 - 1.9 100.2 54            
  Junior high school 51.9 11.1 9.5 1.6 14.4 11.1 - 0.4 100.0 243            
  High school 42.8 15.7 9.2 2.5 19.1 9.8 0.3 0.6 100.0 325            
  Under graduate diploma 32.8 14.2 11.0 3.2 27.1 11.4 0.3 - 100.0 317            
  Advanced degree (masters, doctorate) 23.1 11.5 11.5 3.8 38.5 11.5 - - 99.9 26            
  Unclear - 25.0 - - - 75.0 - - 100.0 4            
  Other - - 40.0 - 20.0 40.0 - - 100.0 5            
  DK 60.0 10.0 10.0 - 10.0 10.0 - - 100.0 10            
                                   
Income 20000CNY 45.1 14.3 9.8 3.8 16.5 9.8 - 0.8 100.1 133            
  20001-40000CNY 51.0 13.2 8.2 1.2 15.6 10.3 - 0.4 99.9 243            
  40001-60000CNY 37.0 15.6 10.4 2.2 17.8 15.6 1.5 - 100.1 135            
  60001-80000CNY 34.6 18.5 11.1 4.9 21.0 9.9 - - 100.0 81            
  80001-100000CNY 40.7 16.0 8.6 1.2 24.7 8.6 - - 99.8 81            
  100001-150000CNY 41.9 12.2 8.1 1.4 29.7 5.4 - 1.4 100.1 74            
  150001-300000CNY 25.6 14.0 11.6 - 34.9 11.6 - 2.3 100.0 43            
  300001CNY or more 28.6 14.3 - - 28.6 28.6 - - 100.1 7            
  Refused 42.5 9.8 10.5 3.9 19.6 13.7 - - 100.0 153            
  DK 36.0 12.0 16.0 2.0 22.0 12.0 - - 100.0 50            
                                   
                                   
Q9 How do you feel about each of the following traditional values?                              
a. We should respect our ancestors                                
                                   
1 Strongly Agree                                  
2 Agree                                  
3 Disagree                                  
4 Strongly Disagree                                  
8 Other                                  
9 DK                                  
                                   
                                   
    1 2 3 4 8 9 Total N                
                                   
Total   61.9 35.5 1.9 0.2 0.1 0.4 100.0 1000                
                                   
Gender Male 63.7 33.3 2.2 0.4 - 0.4 100.0 496                
  Female 60.1 37.7 1.6 - 0.2 0.4 100.0 504                
                                   
Age Group 18-24 48.9 47.8 2.2 - - 1.1 100.0 92                
  25-29 59.6 39.3 1.1 - - - 100.0 89                
  30-34 65.3 32.7 1.0 - 1.0 - 100.0 98                
  35-39 58.3 40.8 1.0 - - - 100.1 103                
  40-44 55.8 37.7 5.2 - - 1.3 100.0 77                
  45-49 60.0 36.7 3.3 - - - 100.0 120                
  50-54 66.7 29.5 1.9 - - 1.9 100.0 105                
  55-59 64.7 34.3 1.0 - - - 100.0 102                
  60-64 64.0 35.1 0.9 - - - 100.0 111                
  65-69 57.8 37.8 2.2 2.2 - - 100.0 45                
  70 or Older 84.5 12.1 1.7 1.7 - - 100.0 58                
                                   
Male by Age Group 18-24 51.9 44.2 3.8 - - - 99.9 52                
  25-29 64.9 35.1 - - - - 100.0 37                
  30-34 65.3 32.7 2.0 - - - 100.0 49                
  35-39 63.3 36.7 - - - - 100.0 49                
  40-44 51.4 37.8 8.1 - - 2.7 100.0 37                
  45-49 60.0 36.7 3.3 - - - 100.0 60                
  50-54 60.4 35.8 1.9 - - 1.9 100.0 53                
  55-59 69.8 28.3 1.9 - - - 100.0 53                
  60-64 68.6 31.4 - - - - 100.0 51                
  65-69 59.1 31.8 4.5 4.5 - - 99.9 22                
  70 or Older 90.9 6.1 - 3.0 - - 100.0 33                
                                   
Female by Age Group 18-24 45.0 52.5 - - - 2.5 100.0 40                
  25-29 55.8 42.3 1.9 - - - 100.0 52                
  30-34 65.3 32.7 - - 2.0 - 100.0 49                
  35-39 53.7 44.4 1.9 - - - 100.0 54                
  40-44 60.0 37.5 2.5 - - - 100.0 40                
  45-49 60.0 36.7 3.3 - - - 100.0 60                
  50-54 73.1 23.1 1.9 - - 1.9 100.0 52                
  55-59 59.2 40.8 - - - - 100.0 49                
  60-64 60.0 38.3 1.7 - - - 100.0 60                
  65-69 56.5 43.5 - - - - 100.0 23                
  70 or Older 76.0 20.0 4.0 - - - 100.0 25                
                                   
Education 1 year or less 62.5 37.5 - - - - 100.0 16                
  Elementary school 75.9 18.5 5.6 - - - 100.0 54                
  Junior high school 63.4 34.6 1.6 0.4 - - 100.0 243                
  High school 60.9 35.4 2.5 - - 1.2 100.0 325                
  Under graduate diploma 61.8 36.6 0.9 0.3 0.3 - 99.9 317                
  Advanced degree (masters, doctorate) 46.2 53.8 - - - - 100.0 26                
  Unclear - 75.0 25.0 - - - 100.0 4                
  Other 40.0 60.0 - - - - 100.0 5                
  DK 60.0 40.0 - - - - 100.0 10                
                                   
Income 20000CNY 56.4 37.6 5.3 0.8 - - 100.1 133                
  20001-40000CNY 67.1 30.9 1.6 0.4 - - 100.0 243                
  40001-60000CNY 53.3 43.7 1.5 - 0.7 0.7 99.9 135                
  60001-80000CNY 67.9 29.6 1.2 - - 1.2 99.9 81                
  80001-100000CNY 61.7 38.3 - - - - 100.0 81                
  100001-150000CNY 70.3 28.4 1.4 - - - 100.1 74                
  150001-300000CNY 74.4 25.6 - - - - 100.0 43                
  300001CNY or more 71.4 28.6 - - - - 100.0 7                
  Refused 62.7 35.3 2.0 - - - 100.0 153                
  DK 38.0 56.0 2.0 - - 4.0 100.0 50                
                                   
                                   
Q9 How do you feel about each of the following traditional values?                              
b. The eldest son should look after his aging parents                                
                                   
1 Strongly Agree                                  
2 Agree                                  
3 Disagree                                  
4 Strongly Disagree                                  
8 Other                                  
9 DK                                  
                                   
                                   
    1 2 3 4 8 9 Total N                
                                   
Total   35.0 38.8 21.5 0.8 3.1 0.8 100.0 1000                
                                   
Gender Male 38.1 40.5 17.5 1.0 2.0 0.8 99.9 496                
  Female 31.9 37.1 25.4 0.6 4.2 0.8 100.0 504                
                                   
Age Group 18-24 39.1 38.0 18.5 - 3.3 1.1 100.0 92                
  25-29 39.3 41.6 15.7 - 1.1 2.2 99.9 89                
  30-34 37.8 37.8 23.5 - 1.0 - 100.1 98                
  35-39 24.3 41.7 29.1 - 3.9 1.0 100.0 103                
  40-44 31.2 36.4 27.3 1.3 3.9 - 100.1 77                
  45-49 29.2 40.8 25.0 1.7 2.5 0.8 100.0 120                
  50-54 31.4 34.3 28.6 1.0 3.8 1.0 100.1 105                
  55-59 33.3 44.1 14.7 2.9 4.9 - 99.9 102                
  60-64 38.7 35.1 20.7 - 5.4 - 99.9 111                
  65-69 37.8 40.0 15.6 2.2 2.2 2.2 100.0 45                
  70 or Older 53.4 36.2 8.6 - - 1.7 99.9 58                
                                   
Male by Age Group 18-24 44.2 40.4 13.5 - 1.9 - 100.0 52                
  25-29 40.5 48.6 10.8 - - - 99.9 37                
  30-34 40.8 36.7 20.4 - 2.0 - 99.9 49                
  35-39 24.5 51.0 24.5 - - - 100.0 49                
  40-44 32.4 37.8 21.6 2.7 5.4 - 99.9 37                
  45-49 31.7 45.0 18.3 1.7 1.7 1.7 100.1 60                
  50-54 32.1 35.8 26.4 - 3.8 1.9 100.0 53                
  55-59 34.0 45.3 11.3 3.8 5.7 - 100.1 53                
  60-64 54.9 25.5 19.6 - - - 100.0 51                
  65-69 40.9 45.5 4.5 4.5 - 4.5 99.9 22                
  70 or Older 48.5 36.4 12.1 - - 3.0 100.0 33                
                                   
Female by Age Group 18-24 32.5 35.0 25.0 - 5.0 2.5 100.0 40                
  25-29 38.5 36.5 19.2 - 1.9 3.8 99.9 52                
  30-34 34.7 38.8 26.5 - - - 100.0 49                
  35-39 24.1 33.3 33.3 - 7.4 1.9 100.0 54                
  40-44 30.0 35.0 32.5 - 2.5 - 100.0 40                
  45-49 26.7 36.7 31.7 1.7 3.3 - 100.1 60                
  50-54 30.8 32.7 30.8 1.9 3.8 - 100.0 52                
  55-59 32.7 42.9 18.4 2.0 4.1 - 100.1 49                
  60-64 25.0 43.3 21.7 - 10.0 - 100.0 60                
  65-69 34.8 34.8 26.1 - 4.3 - 100.0 23                
  70 or Older 60.0 36.0 4.0 - - - 100.0 25                
                                   
Education 1 year or less 50.0 50.0 - - - - 100.0 16                
  Elementary school 46.3 37.0 13.0 1.9 - 1.9 100.1 54                
  Junior high school 37.9 37.4 19.8 1.2 3.7 - 100.0 243                
  High school 31.1 40.9 23.4 1.2 2.5 0.9 100.0 325                
  Under graduate diploma 33.4 37.2 23.7 - 4.4 1.3 100.0 317                
  Advanced degree (masters, doctorate) 42.3 42.3 15.4 - - - 100.0 26                
  Unclear - 50.0 50.0 - - - 100.0 4                
  Other 40.0 60.0 - - - - 100.0 5                
  DK 50.0 20.0 30.0 - - - 100.0 10                
                                   
Income 20000CNY 37.6 42.1 16.5 1.5 0.8 1.5 100.0 133                
  20001-40000CNY 38.3 39.1 19.3 0.4 2.5 0.4 100.0 243                
  40001-60000CNY 27.4 48.1 17.0 1.5 3.7 2.2 99.9 135                
  60001-80000CNY 39.5 28.4 28.4 1.2 2.5 - 100.0 81                
  80001-100000CNY 30.9 38.3 25.9 - 3.7 1.2 100.0 81                
  100001-150000CNY 28.4 39.2 28.4 - 4.1 - 100.1 74                
  150001-300000CNY 46.5 30.2 20.9 2.3 - - 99.9 43                
  300001CNY or more 42.9 28.6 14.3 - 14.3 - 100.1 7                
  Rfused 32.0 37.3 23.5 0.7 6.5 - 100.0 153                
  DK 40.0 34.0 24.0 - - 2.0 100.0 50                
                                   
                                   
Q9 How do you feel about each of the following traditional values?                              
c. A wife should obey her husband                                
                                   
1 Strongly Agree                                  
2 Agree                                  
3 Disagree                                  
4 Strongly Disagree                                  
8 Other                                  
9 DK                                  
                                   
                                   
    1 2 3 4 8 9 Total N                
                                   
Total   8.0 19.2 57.7 12.5 1.5 1.1 100.0 1000                
                                   
Gender Male 10.7 23.4 55.2 8.3 1.8 0.6 100.0 496                
  Female 5.4 15.1 60.1 16.7 1.2 1.6 100.1 504                
                                   
Age Group 18-24 12.0 16.3 50.0 18.5 1.1 2.2 100.1 92                
  25-29 7.9 20.2 64.0 6.7 1.1 - 99.9 89                
  30-34 3.1 18.4 63.3 11.2 4.1 - 100.1 98                
  35-39 7.8 16.5 57.3 14.6 1.9 1.9 100.0 103                
  40-44 7.8 20.8 57.1 14.3 - - 100.0 77                
  45-49 8.3 18.3 59.2 13.3 - 0.8 99.9 120                
  50-54 4.8 16.2 59.0 16.2 2.9 1.0 100.1 105                
  55-59 5.9 17.6 63.7 10.8 2.0 - 100.0 102                
  60-64 9.0 18.0 56.8 11.7 1.8 2.7 100.0 111                
  65-69 4.4 31.1 57.8 6.7 - - 100.0 45                
  70 or Older 20.7 29.3 37.9 8.6 - 3.4 99.9 58                
                                   
Male by Age Group 18-24 19.2 23.1 50.0 5.8 - 1.9 100.0 52                
  25-29 13.5 29.7 51.4 5.4 - - 100.0 37                
  30-34 4.1 18.4 63.3 8.2 6.1 - 100.1 49                
  35-39 14.3 20.4 53.1 6.1 4.1 2.0 100.0 49                
  40-44 10.8 29.7 54.1 5.4 - - 100.0 37                
  45-49 11.7 21.7 56.7 10.0 - - 100.1 60                
  50-54 5.7 18.9 62.3 7.5 3.8 1.9 100.1 53                
  55-59 7.5 18.9 54.7 15.1 3.8 - 100.0 53                
  60-64 9.8 23.5 56.9 9.8 - - 100.0 51                
  65-69 4.5 40.9 45.5 9.1 - - 100.0 22                
  70 or Older 15.2 27.3 51.5 6.1 - - 100.1 33                
                                   
Female by Age Group 18-24 2.5 7.5 50.0 35.0 2.5 2.5 100.0 40                
  25-29 3.8 13.5 73.1 7.7 1.9 - 100.0 52                
  30-34 2.0 18.4 63.3 14.3 2.0 - 100.0 49                
  35-39 1.9 13.0 61.1 22.2 - 1.9 100.1 54                
  40-44 5.0 12.5 60.0 22.5 - - 100.0 40                
  45-49 5.0 15.0 61.7 16.7 - 1.7 100.1 60                
  50-54 3.8 13.5 55.8 25.0 1.9 - 100.0 52                
  55-59 4.1 16.3 73.5 6.1 - - 100.0 49                
  60-64 8.3 13.3 56.7 13.3 3.3 5.0 99.9 60                
  65-69 4.3 21.7 69.6 4.3 - - 99.9 23                
  70 or Older 28.0 32.0 20.0 12.0 - 8.0 100.0 25                
                                   
Education 1 year or less 50.0 31.3 18.8 - - - 100.1 16                
  Elementary school 14.8 24.1 53.7 3.7 - 3.7 100.0 54                
  Junior high school 9.9 19.3 57.6 11.1 1.6 0.4 99.9 243                
  High school 6.2 16.6 60.9 14.5 1.2 0.6 100.0 325                
  Under graduate diploma 5.0 19.9 57.7 13.6 2.2 1.6 100.0 317                
  Advanced degree (masters, doctorate) 11.5 23.1 46.2 19.2 - - 100.0 26                
  Unclear 25.0 - 50.0 25.0 - - 100.0 4                
  Other - 60.0 40.0 - - - 100.0 5                
  DK - 10.0 80.0 - - 10.0 100.0 10                
                                   
Income 20000CNY 11.3 29.3 43.6 12.8 1.5 1.5 100.0 133                
  20001-40000CNY 9.9 16.9 57.6 13.6 1.2 0.8 100.0 243                
  40001-60000CNY 5.9 20.7 61.5 9.6 0.7 1.5 99.9 135                
  60001-80000CNY 9.9 12.3 64.2 13.6 - - 100.0 81                
  80001-100000CNY 1.2 22.2 56.8 16.0 2.5 1.2 99.9 81                
  100001-150000CNY 6.8 17.6 64.9 9.5 1.4 - 100.2 74                
  150001-300000CNY 4.7 23.3 55.8 14.0 - 2.3 100.1 43                
  300001CNY or more - 14.3 71.4 14.3 - - 100.0 7                
  Rfused 4.6 15.7 60.8 13.1 3.9 2.0 100.1 153                
  DK 20.0 16.0 56.0 8.0 - - 100.0 50                
                                   
                                   
Q9 How do you feel about each of the following traditional values?                              
d. Not to marry someone whom your parents object to                                
                                   
1 Strongly Agree                                  
2 Agree                                  
3 Disagree                                  
4 Strongly Disagree                                  
8 Other                                  
9 DK                                  
                                   
                                   
    1 2 3 4 8 9 Total N                
                                   
Total   3.9 11.8 63.9 19.0 0.5 0.9 100.0 1000                
                                   
Gender Male 3.6 12.3 64.9 17.9 0.4 0.8 99.9 496                
  Female 4.2 11.3 62.9 20.0 0.6 1.0 100.0 504                
                                   
Age Group 18-24 2.2 14.1 58.7 22.8 - 2.2 100.0 92                
  25-29 2.2 9.0 59.6 28.1 1.1 - 100.0 89                
  30-34 3.1 10.2 65.3 20.4 1.0 - 100.0 98                
  35-39 1.9 9.7 64.1 23.3 - 1.0 100.0 103                
  40-44 5.2 11.7 64.9 16.9 - 1.3 100.0 77                
  45-49 4.2 9.2 65.8 19.2 - 1.7 100.1 120                
  50-54 3.8 8.6 68.6 19.0 - - 100.0 105                
  55-59 2.9 13.7 64.7 17.6 - 1.0 99.9 102                
  60-64 4.5 8.1 69.4 14.4 2.7 0.9 100.0 111                
  65-69 4.4 24.4 57.8 13.3 - - 99.9 45                
  70 or Older 12.1 24.1 55.2 6.9 - 1.7 100.0 58                
                                   
Male by Age Group 18-24 1.9 11.5 67.3 17.3 - 1.9 99.9 52                
  25-29 5.4 8.1 48.6 37.8 - - 99.9 37                
  30-34 4.1 12.2 65.3 16.3 2.0 - 99.9 49                
  35-39 2.0 10.2 65.3 20.4 - 2.0 99.9 49                
  40-44 - 13.5 70.3 16.2 - - 100.0 37                
  45-49 5.0 6.7 70.0 15.0 - 3.3 100.0 60                
  50-54 1.9 9.4 69.8 18.9 - - 100.0 53                
  55-59 3.8 18.9 58.5 18.9 - - 100.1 53                
  60-64 5.9 7.8 68.6 15.7 2.0 - 100.0 51                
  65-69 4.5 22.7 59.1 13.6 - - 99.9 22                
  70 or Older 6.1 24.2 63.6 6.1 - - 100.0 33                
                                   
Female by Age Group 18-24 2.5 17.5 47.5 30.0 - 2.5 100.0 40                
  25-29 - 9.6 67.3 21.2 1.9 - 100.0 52                
  30-34 2.0 8.2 65.3 24.5 - - 100.0 49                
  35-39 1.9 9.3 63.0 25.9 - - 100.1 54                
  40-44 10.0 10.0 60.0 17.5 - 2.5 100.0 40                
  45-49 3.3 11.7 61.7 23.3 - - 100.0 60                
  50-54 5.8 7.7 67.3 19.2 - - 100.0 52                
  55-59 2.0 8.2 71.4 16.3 - 2.0 99.9 49                
  60-64 3.3 8.3 70.0 13.3 3.3 1.7 99.9 60                
  65-69 4.3 26.1 56.5 13.0 - - 99.9 23                
  70 or Older 20.0 24.0 44.0 8.0 - 4.0 100.0 25                
                                   
Education 1 year or less 25.0 37.5 31.3 6.3 - - 100.1 16                
  Elementary school 7.4 20.4 63.0 7.4 1.9 - 100.1 54                
  Junior high school 5.3 12.3 68.7 12.3 0.4 0.8 99.8 243                
  High school 3.7 11.1 62.2 21.5 0.3 1.2 100.0 325                
  Under graduate diploma 1.6 9.8 64.0 23.0 0.6 0.9 99.9 317                
  Advanced degree (masters, doctorate) 3.8 3.8 61.5 30.8 - - 99.9 26                
  Unclear - - 75.0 25.0 - - 100.0 4                
  Other - 20.0 20.0 60.0 - - 100.0 5                
  DK - 20.0 80.0 - - - 100.0 10                
                                   
Income 20000CNY 6.8 14.3 65.4 12.8 0.8 - 100.1 133                
  20001-40000CNY 3.7 16.0 63.4 15.2 0.8 0.8 99.9 243                
  40001-60000CNY 3.7 11.9 65.2 17.0 - 2.2 100.0 135                
  60001-80000CNY 3.7 6.2 63.0 27.2 - - 100.1 81                
  80001-100000CNY 1.2 7.4 65.4 24.7 - 1.2 99.9 81                
  100001-150000CNY 4.1 6.8 64.9 24.3 - - 100.1 74                
  150001-300000CNY - 9.3 60.5 30.2 - - 100.0 43                
  300001CNY or more - - 71.4 28.6 - - 100.0 7                
  Rfused 3.9 9.2 62.7 21.6 0.7 2.0 100.1 153                
  DK 6.0 20.0 62.0 10.0 2.0 - 100.0 50                
                                   
                                   
Q9 How do you feel about each of the following traditional values?                              
e. We should obey older people                                
                                   
1 Strongly Agree                                  
2 Agree                                  
3 Disagree                                  
4 Strongly Disagree                                  
8 Other                                  
9 DK                                  
                                   
                                   
    1 2 3 4 8 9 Total N                
                                   
Total   11.4 46.9 33.5 2.3 3.9 2.0 100.0 1000                
                                   
Gender Male 11.3 47.2 34.3 1.2 4.2 1.8 100.0 496                
  Female 11.5 46.6 32.7 3.4 3.6 2.2 100.0 504                
                                   
Age Group 18-24 4.3 52.2 30.4 1.1 6.5 5.4 99.9 92                
  25-29 9.0 51.7 33.7 3.4 2.2 - 100.0 89                
  30-34 8.2 41.8 39.8 3.1 6.1 1.0 100.0 98                
  35-39 10.7 46.6 32.0 6.8 2.9 1.0 100.0 103                
  40-44 14.3 41.6 39.0 1.3 3.9 - 100.1 77                
  45-49 12.5 49.2 31.7 1.7 2.5 2.5 100.1 120                
  50-54 11.4 48.6 32.4 2.9 3.8 1.0 100.1 105                
  55-59 10.8 47.1 34.3 2.0 2.9 2.9 100.0 102                
  60-64 13.5 39.6 40.5 - 5.4 0.9 99.9 111                
  65-69 13.3 55.6 26.7 - 2.2 2.2 100.0 45                
  70 or Older 22.4 46.6 19.0 1.7 3.4 6.9 100.0 58                
                                   
Male by Age Group 18-24 5.8 55.8 30.8 - 3.8 3.8 100.0 52                
  25-29 10.8 48.6 32.4 5.4 2.7 - 99.9 37                
  30-34 8.2 34.7 49.0 2.0 6.1 - 100.0 49                
  35-39 10.2 51.0 32.7 2.0 2.0 2.0 99.9 49                
  40-44 13.5 40.5 40.5 - 5.4 - 99.9 37                
  45-49 13.3 48.3 30.0 - 5.0 3.3 99.9 60                
  50-54 5.7 50.9 37.7 1.9 1.9 1.9 100.0 53                
  55-59 11.3 41.5 37.7 1.9 5.7 1.9 100.0 53                
  60-64 17.6 47.1 29.4 - 5.9 - 100.0 51                
  65-69 13.6 54.5 31.8 - - - 99.9 22                
  70 or Older 18.2 48.5 21.2 - 6.1 6.1 100.1 33                
                                   
Female by Age Group 18-24 2.5 47.5 30.0 2.5 10.0 7.5 100.0 40                
  25-29 7.7 53.8 34.6 1.9 1.9 - 99.9 52                
  30-34 8.2 49.0 30.6 4.1 6.1 2.0 100.0 49                
  35-39 11.1 42.6 31.5 11.1 3.7 - 100.0 54                
  40-44 15.0 42.5 37.5 2.5 2.5 - 100.0 40                
  45-49 11.7 50.0 33.3 3.3 - 1.7 100.0 60                
  50-54 17.3 46.2 26.9 3.8 5.8 - 100.0 52                
  55-59 10.2 53.1 30.6 2.0 - 4.1 100.0 49                
  60-64 10.0 33.3 50.0 - 5.0 1.7 100.0 60                
  65-69 13.0 56.5 21.7 - 4.3 4.3 99.8 23                
  70 or Older 28.0 44.0 16.0 4.0 - 8.0 100.0 25                
                                   
Education 1 year or less 18.8 68.8 12.5 - - - 100.1 16                
  Elementary school 27.8 46.3 22.2 - 1.9 1.9 100.1 54                
  Junior high school 10.3 52.7 29.2 1.6 2.9 3.3 100.0 243                
  High school 12.9 47.1 32.0 2.2 3.7 2.2 100.1 325                
  Under graduate diploma 8.2 42.0 40.1 3.2 5.7 0.9 100.1 317                
  Advanced degree (masters, doctorate) 7.7 38.5 38.5 7.7 3.8 3.8 100.0 26                
  Unclear - 25.0 75.0 - - - 100.0 4                
  Other - 60.0 40.0 - - - 100.0 5                
  DK 10.0 50.0 40.0 - - - 100.0 10                
                                   
Income 20000CNY 15.0 53.4 26.3 1.5 2.3 1.5 100.0 133                
  20001-40000CNY 11.1 49.8 32.5 0.8 2.5 3.3 100.0 243                
  40001-60000CNY 11.1 47.4 34.1 0.7 4.4 2.2 99.9 135                
  60001-80000CNY 11.1 42.0 39.5 2.5 3.7 1.2 100.0 81                
  80001-100000CNY 3.7 48.1 46.9 - 1.2 - 99.9 81                
  100001-150000CNY 10.8 45.9 36.5 4.1 2.7 - 100.0 74                
  150001-300000CNY 9.3 44.2 32.6 14.0 - - 100.1 43                
  300001CNY or more - 14.3 28.6 28.6 28.6 - 100.1 7                
  Rfused 14.4 37.3 33.3 3.3 8.5 3.3 100.1 153                
  DK 12.0 58.0 22.0 - 6.0 2.0 100.0 50                
                                   
                                   
Q9 How do you feel about each of the following traditional values?                              
f. It is important to have a son to keep our family line going                                
                                   
1 Strongly Agree                                  
2 Agree                                  
3 Disagree                                  
4 Strongly Disagree                                  
8 Other                                  
9 DK                                  
                                   
                                   
    1 2 3 4 8 9 Total N                
                                   
Total   5.7 20.9 62.6 7.7 1.8 1.3 100.0 1000                
                                   
Gender Male 6.5 24.8 62.5 4.2 1.0 1.0 100.0 496                
  Female 5.0 17.1 62.7 11.1 2.6 1.6 100.1 504                
                                   
Age Group 18-24 4.3 19.6 63.0 8.7 1.1 3.3 100.0 92                
  25-29 3.4 14.6 69.7 10.1 - 2.2 100.0 89                
  30-34 2.0 17.3 66.3 12.2 1.0 1.0 99.8 98                
  35-39 5.8 17.5 63.1 7.8 3.9 1.9 100.0 103                
  40-44 5.2 23.4 62.3 6.5 2.6 - 100.0 77                
  45-49 6.7 21.7 60.0 9.2 2.5 - 100.1 120                
  50-54 7.6 23.8 58.1 6.7 3.8 - 100.0 105                
  55-59 4.9 18.6 70.6 4.9 1.0 - 100.0 102                
  60-64 4.5 19.8 61.3 8.1 1.8 4.5 100.0 111                
  65-69 11.1 31.1 55.6 2.2 - - 100.0 45                
  70 or Older 12.1 32.8 51.7 3.4 - - 100.0 58                
                                   
Male by Age Group 18-24 5.8 25.0 67.3 - - 1.9 100.0 52                
  25-29 8.1 16.2 64.9 8.1 - 2.7 100.0 37                
  30-34 - 20.4 73.5 4.1 - 2.0 100.0 49                
  35-39 12.2 16.3 61.2 4.1 4.1 2.0 99.9 49                
  40-44 2.7 29.7 62.2 2.7 2.7 - 100.0 37                
  45-49 6.7 28.3 56.7 6.7 1.7 - 100.1 60                
  50-54 7.5 24.5 62.3 3.8 1.9 - 100.0 53                
  55-59 7.5 26.4 62.3 3.8 - - 100.0 53                
  60-64 3.9 23.5 62.7 7.8 - 2.0 99.9 51                
  65-69 13.6 40.9 45.5 - - - 100.0 22                
  70 or Older 6.1 30.3 60.6 3.0 - - 100.0 33                
                                   
Female by Age Group 18-24 2.5 12.5 57.5 20.0 2.5 5.0 100.0 40                
  25-29 - 13.5 73.1 11.5 - 1.9 100.0 52                
  30-34 4.1 14.3 59.2 20.4 2.0 - 100.0 49                
  35-39 - 18.5 64.8 11.1 3.7 1.9 100.0 54                
  40-44 7.5 17.5 62.5 10.0 2.5 - 100.0 40                
  45-49 6.7 15.0 63.3 11.7 3.3 - 100.0 60                
  50-54 7.7 23.1 53.8 9.6 5.8 - 100.0 52                
  55-59 2.0 10.2 79.6 6.1 2.0 - 99.9 49                
  60-64 5.0 16.7 60.0 8.3 3.3 6.7 100.0 60                
  65-69 8.7 21.7 65.2 4.3 - - 99.9 23                
  70 or Older 20.0 36.0 40.0 4.0 - - 100.0 25                
                                   
Education 1 year or less 18.8 37.5 43.8 - - - 100.1 16                
  Elementary school 18.5 27.8 48.1 5.6 - - 100.0 54                
  Junior high school 6.6 25.5 58.4 4.9 1.6 2.9 99.9 243                
  High school 5.2 23.1 59.7 8.0 2.5 1.5 100.0 325                
  Under graduate diploma 3.2 13.9 71.0 9.8 1.9 0.3 100.1 317                
  Advanced degree (masters, doctorate) - 3.8 84.6 11.5 - - 99.9 26                
  Unclear - - 75.0 25.0 - - 100.0 4                
  Other - 40.0 60.0 - - - 100.0 5                
  DK 10.0 40.0 40.0 10.0 - - 100.0 10                
                                   
Income 20000CNY 6.8 34.6 51.9 4.5 2.3 - 100.1 133                
  20001-40000CNY 6.2 24.7 61.3 5.8 0.8 1.2 100.0 243                
  40001-60000CNY 3.7 19.3 68.9 5.2 1.5 1.5 100.1 135                
  60001-80000CNY 7.4 17.3 65.4 4.9 1.2 3.7 99.9 81                
  80001-100000CNY 1.2 14.8 69.1 13.6 1.2 - 99.9 81                
  100001-150000CNY 4.1 13.5 68.9 13.5 - - 100.0 74                
  150001-300000CNY 2.3 9.3 74.4 7.0 - 7.0 100.0 43                
  300001CNY or more - 28.6 42.9 14.3 14.3 - 100.1 7                
  Rfused 7.8 16.3 58.8 11.1 4.6 1.3 99.9 153                
  DK 10.0 20.0 60.0 8.0 2.0 - 100.0 50                
                                   
                                   
Q9 How do you feel about each of the following traditional values?                              
g. Men should work outside and women should tend to housekeeping                              
                                   
1 Strongly Agree                                  
2 Agree                                  
3 Disagree                                  
4 Strongly Disagree                                  
8 Other                                  
9 DK                                  
                                   
                                   
    1 2 3 4 8 9 Total N                
                                   
Total   6.7 20.9 59.3 10.5 1.5 1.1 100.0 1000                
                                   
Gender Male 7.5 23.8 59.3 6.9 2.0 0.6 100.1 496                
  Female 6.0 18.1 59.3 14.1 1.0 1.6 100.1 504                
                                   
Age Group 18-24 7.6 13.0 62.0 14.1 2.2 1.1 100.0 92                
  25-29 3.4 14.6 66.3 13.5 1.1 1.1 100.0 89                
  30-34 5.1 19.4 55.1 15.3 2.0 3.1 100.0 98                
  35-39 8.7 17.5 58.3 11.7 2.9 1.0 100.1 103                
  40-44 6.5 18.2 59.7 14.3 1.3 - 100.0 77                
  45-49 7.5 24.2 55.8 8.3 1.7 2.5 100.0 120                
  50-54 8.6 21.0 60.0 10.5 - - 100.1 105                
  55-59 4.9 25.5 57.8 9.8 1.0 1.0 100.0 102                
  60-64 3.6 20.7 66.7 8.1 0.9 - 100.0 111                
  65-69 6.7 33.3 51.1 2.2 4.4 2.2 99.9 45                
  70 or Older 13.8 31.0 53.4 1.7 - - 99.9 58                
                                   
Male by Age Group 18-24 9.6 15.4 63.5 9.6 1.9 - 100.0 52                
  25-29 8.1 16.2 67.6 5.4 2.7 - 100.0 37                
  30-34 4.1 20.4 59.2 12.2 2.0 2.0 99.9 49                
  35-39 12.2 16.3 55.1 10.2 6.1 - 99.9 49                
  40-44 2.7 27.0 59.5 8.1 2.7 - 100.0 37                
  45-49 5.0 30.0 56.7 3.3 3.3 1.7 100.0 60                
  50-54 11.3 20.8 58.5 9.4 - - 100.0 53                
  55-59 7.5 32.1 52.8 3.8 1.9 1.9 100.0 53                
  60-64 5.9 21.6 66.7 5.9 - - 100.1 51                
  65-69 9.1 40.9 50.0 - - - 100.0 22                
  70 or Older 6.1 30.3 60.6 3.0 - - 100.0 33                
                                   
Female by Age Group 18-24 5.0 10.0 60.0 20.0 2.5 2.5 100.0 40                
  25-29 - 13.5 65.4 19.2 - 1.9 100.0 52                
  30-34 6.1 18.4 51.0 18.4 2.0 4.1 100.0 49                
  35-39 5.6 18.5 61.1 13.0 - 1.9 100.1 54                
  40-44 10.0 10.0 60.0 20.0 - - 100.0 40                
  45-49 10.0 18.3 55.0 13.3 - 3.3 99.9 60                
  50-54 5.8 21.2 61.5 11.5 - - 100.0 52                
  55-59 2.0 18.4 63.3 16.3 - - 100.0 49                
  60-64 1.7 20.0 66.7 10.0 1.7 - 100.1 60                
  65-69 4.3 26.1 52.2 4.3 8.7 4.3 99.9 23                
  70 or Older 24.0 32.0 44.0 - - - 100.0 25                
                                   
Education 1 year or less 18.8 50.0 31.3 - - - 100.1 16                
  Elementary school 11.1 27.8 59.3 1.9 - - 100.1 54                
  Junior high school 9.1 24.3 53.9 9.9 0.8 2.1 100.1 243                
  High school 6.8 20.6 60.3 9.5 1.8 0.9 99.9 325                
  Under graduate diploma 4.1 15.5 64.7 12.6 2.2 0.9 100.0 317                
  Advanced degree (masters, doctorate) - 15.4 61.5 23.1 - - 100.0 26                
  Unclear 25.0 25.0 - 50.0 - - 100.0 4                
  Other - 80.0 20.0 - - - 100.0 5                
  DK - 20.0 70.0 10.0 - - 100.0 10                
                                   
Income 20000CNY 12.8 30.8 47.4 5.3 1.5 2.3 100.1 133                
  20001-40000CNY 5.3 20.6 63.0 9.5 1.2 0.4 100.0 243                
  40001-60000CNY 3.7 17.0 62.2 14.1 1.5 1.5 100.0 135                
  60001-80000CNY 8.6 19.8 56.8 13.6 - 1.2 100.0 81                
  80001-100000CNY 2.5 18.5 63.0 14.8 1.2 - 100.0 81                
  100001-150000CNY 4.1 20.3 63.5 8.1 4.1 - 100.1 74                
  150001-300000CNY 4.7 16.3 60.5 16.3 2.3 - 100.1 43                
  300001CNY or more - 14.3 71.4 14.3 - - 100.0 7                
  Rfused 7.8 20.9 56.2 10.5 2.0 2.6 100.0 153                
  DK 12.0 18.0 64.0 6.0 - - 100.0 50                
                                   
                                   
Q11 Whether you have a job in a certain workplace or not, what qualifications should a good leader have in your workplace?                 
Please choose the three most important qualifications from among the following: (3 multi-answers)                      
                                   
1 Technical competence                                  
2 Fair in treating subordinates                                
3 Being liked and respected by subordinates                                
4 Serious attitudes toward work                                
5 Have many friends/acquaintances                                
6 Sincere in attitude toward co-workers                                
7 Decisive and determined                                
8 Good judgment                                  
9 Ability to bring great benefits to subordinates                                
10 Seniority                                  
11 Come fromgood family background                                
88 Other                                  
99 DK                                  
                                   
                                   
    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 88 99 N    
                                   
Total   46.3 49.8 22.6 27.6 20.5 39.6 17.4 30.8 34.5 1.6 1.5 0.5 0.4 1000    
                                   
Gender Male 45.0 50.6 20.6 28.0 23.0 36.5 19.2 32.9 32.7 1.8 2.2 0.8 0.2 496    
  Female 47.6 49.0 24.6 27.2 18.1 42.7 15.7 28.8 36.3 1.4 0.8 0.2 0.6 504    
                                   
Age Group 18-24 37.0 55.4 23.9 28.3 25.0 37.0 14.1 41.3 25.0 - 2.2 - - 92    
  25-29 37.1 48.3 22.5 23.6 28.1 47.2 14.6 37.1 33.7 1.1 - - 1.1 89    
  30-34 44.9 52.0 22.4 22.4 24.5 41.8 20.4 35.7 30.6 1.0 - - - 98    
  35-39 47.6 50.5 25.2 25.2 27.2 43.7 17.5 23.3 33.0 1.0 1.0 - - 103    
  40-44 50.6 61.0 19.5 22.1 22.1 37.7 15.6 35.1 35.1 1.3 - - - 77    
  45-49 46.7 44.2 21.7 30.0 13.3 37.5 25.0 34.2 34.2 3.3 2.5 - 0.8 120    
  50-54 46.7 56.2 21.0 30.5 13.3 41.0 15.2 28.6 41.9 1.0 - 1.0 - 105    
  55-59 52.0 35.3 27.5 31.4 20.6 38.2 11.8 30.4 30.4 2.9 2.0 2.0 - 102    
  60-64 50.5 55.9 19.8 31.5 17.1 36.0 18.9 22.5 37.8 0.9 1.8 0.9 - 111    
  65-69 46.7 44.4 20.0 24.4 20.0 44.4 20.0 24.4 53.3 2.2 - - - 45    
  70 or Older 50.0 41.4 24.1 31.0 15.5 31.0 17.2 22.4 32.8 3.4 8.6 1.7 3.4 58    
                                   
Male by Age Group 18-24 34.6 57.7 17.3 28.8 28.8 32.7 21.2 46.2 21.2 - 3.8 - - 52    
  25-29 35.1 37.8 13.5 24.3 32.4 43.2 16.2 35.1 48.6 2.7 - - 2.7 37    
  30-34 42.9 59.2 24.5 16.3 26.5 36.7 24.5 34.7 28.6 2.0 - - - 49    
  35-39 42.9 53.1 22.4 30.6 32.7 34.7 20.4 28.6 32.7 - 2.0 - - 49    
  40-44 48.6 64.9 21.6 21.6 24.3 37.8 16.2 43.2 18.9 2.7 - - - 37    
  45-49 48.3 40.0 15.0 36.7 13.3 33.3 23.3 36.7 40.0 3.3 5.0 - - 60    
  50-54 43.4 54.7 17.0 30.2 18.9 37.7 20.8 30.2 35.8 1.9 - 1.9 - 53    
  55-59 56.6 39.6 28.3 26.4 20.8 37.7 7.5 26.4 30.2 - 1.9 3.8 - 53    
  60-64 47.1 56.9 23.5 25.5 17.6 37.3 21.6 27.5 37.3 - 2.0 - - 51    
  65-69 40.9 45.5 22.7 31.8 22.7 36.4 22.7 22.7 50.0 4.5 - - - 22    
  70 or Older 51.5 45.5 21.2 36.4 18.2 36.4 15.2 24.2 21.2 6.1 9.1 3.0 - 33    
                                   
Female by Age Group 18-24 40.0 52.5 32.5 27.5 20.0 42.5 5.0 35.0 30.0 - - - - 40    
  25-29 38.5 55.8 28.8 23.1 25.0 50.0 13.5 38.5 23.1 - - - - 52    
  30-34 46.9 44.9 20.4 28.6 22.4 46.9 16.3 36.7 32.7 - - - - 49    
  35-39 51.9 48.1 27.8 20.4 22.2 51.9 14.8 18.5 33.3 1.9 - - - 54    
  40-44 52.5 57.5 17.5 22.5 20.0 37.5 15.0 27.5 50.0 - - - - 40    
  45-49 45.0 48.3 28.3 23.3 13.3 41.7 26.7 31.7 28.3 3.3 - - 1.7 60    
  50-54 50.0 57.7 25.0 30.8 7.7 44.2 9.6 26.9 48.1 - - - - 52    
  55-59 46.9 30.6 26.5 36.7 20.4 38.8 16.3 34.7 30.6 6.1 2.0 - - 49    
  60-64 53.3 55.0 16.7 36.7 16.7 35.0 16.7 18.3 38.3 1.7 1.7 1.7 - 60    
  65-69 52.2 43.5 17.4 17.4 17.4 52.2 17.4 26.1 56.5 - - - - 23    
  70 or Older 48.0 36.0 28.0 24.0 12.0 24.0 20.0 20.0 48.0 - 8.0 - 8.0 25    
                                   
Education 1 year or less 37.5 31.3 37.5 25.0 25.0 31.3 12.5 37.5 50.0 - - - - 16    
  Elementary school 33.3 53.7 33.3 31.5 14.8 42.6 11.1 14.8 44.4 5.6 3.7 - 1.9 54    
  Junior high school 47.3 54.7 23.9 28.4 22.2 39.1 14.4 20.2 34.2 2.5 2.9 0.4 0.8 243    
  High school 47.7 52.0 20.9 28.3 17.5 42.8 16.0 32.9 35.1 0.9 1.2 0.3 - 325    
  Under graduate diploma 45.7 46.4 20.2 25.2 23.7 37.5 21.1 38.8 33.1 0.9 0.3 0.6 0.3 317    
  Advanced degree (masters, doctorate) 61.5 26.9 38.5 23.1 15.4 26.9 34.6 42.3 15.4 3.8 - - - 26    
  Unclear - 25.0 - 50.0 25.0 50.0 25.0 50.0 50.0 - 25.0 - - 4    
  Other 40.0 40.0 - 80.0 20.0 40.0 - - 20.0 - - 20.0 - 5    
  DK 60.0 50.0 20.0 20.0 10.0 40.0 20.0 20.0 40.0 - - - - 10    
                                   
Income 20000CNY 45.1 48.1 21.8 26.3 28.6 39.8 20.3 16.5 36.1 2.3 3.8 - 0.8 133    
  20001-40000CNY 43.6 54.3 25.1 36.2 18.5 39.1 15.6 25.5 35.0 1.2 1.2 0.8 - 243    
  40001-60000CNY 47.4 46.7 14.8 21.5 20.7 45.2 23.0 32.6 40.7 2.2 0.7 - - 135    
  60001-80000CNY 44.4 61.7 25.9 21.0 21.0 38.3 16.0 27.2 37.0 2.5 - - - 81    
  80001-100000CNY 56.8 44.4 14.8 29.6 24.7 33.3 18.5 38.3 37.0 - - - - 81    
  100001-150000CNY 51.4 40.5 23.0 27.0 25.7 37.8 13.5 41.9 21.6 1.4 - - 4.1 74    
  150001-300000CNY 46.5 39.5 23.3 27.9 9.3 30.2 20.9 53.5 39.5 2.3 4.7 - - 43    
  300001CNY or more 71.4 28.6 14.3 - 14.3 42.9 28.6 57.1 42.9 - - - - 7    
  Rfused 43.1 51.6 25.5 25.5 13.1 47.1 13.1 37.3 26.8 2.0 0.7 2.0 - 153    
  DK 44.0 50.0 32.0 24.0 26.0 26.0 18.0 24.0 40.0 - 6.0 - - 50    
                                   
                                   
Q12 For your age, how satisfied are you with your health? Would you say…(READ OUT)                          
                                   
1 Very satisfied                                  
2 Fairly satisfied                                  
3 Fairly dissatisfied, or                                  
4 Very dissatisfied                                  
8 Other                                  
9 DK                                  
                                   
                                   
    1 2 3 4 8 9 total N                
                                   
Total   17.3 58.8 16.8 6.3 0.6 0.2 100.0 1000                
                                   
Gender Male 17.1 58.7 17.3 6.3 0.4 0.2 100.0 496                
  Female 17.5 58.9 16.3 6.3 0.8 0.2 100.0 504                
                                   
Age Group 18-24 26.1 60.9 4.3 7.6 - 1.1 100.0 92                
  25-29 18.0 64.0 14.6 3.4 - - 100.0 89                
  30-34 16.3 65.3 16.3 2.0 - - 99.9 98                
  35-39 15.5 57.3 18.4 8.7 - - 99.9 103                
  40-44 16.9 61.0 16.9 5.2 - - 100.0 77                
  45-49 15.0 61.7 19.2 2.5 0.8 0.8 100.0 120                
  50-54 15.2 60.0 13.3 10.5 1.0 - 100.0 105                
  55-59 13.7 60.8 17.6 5.9 2.0 - 100.0 102                
  60-64 18.9 52.3 16.2 10.8 1.8 - 100.0 111                
  65-69 13.3 44.4 35.6 6.7 - - 100.0 45                
  70 or Older 22.4 48.3 24.1 5.2 - - 100.0 58                
                                   
Male by Age Group 18-24 19.2 71.2 3.8 5.8 - - 100.0 52                
  25-29 16.2 67.6 13.5 2.7 - - 100.0 37                
  30-34 10.2 67.3 18.4 4.1 - - 100.0 49                
  35-39 18.4 57.1 18.4 6.1 - - 100.0 49                
  40-44 24.3 48.6 18.9 8.1 - - 99.9 37                
  45-49 20.0 48.3 26.7 3.3 - 1.7 100.0 60                
  50-54 9.4 67.9 11.3 11.3 - - 99.9 53                
  55-59 15.1 58.5 17.0 7.5 1.9 - 100.0 53                
  60-64 19.6 52.9 19.6 5.9 2.0 - 100.0 51                
  65-69 13.6 50.0 27.3 9.1 - - 100.0 22                
  70 or Older 24.2 48.5 21.2 6.1 - - 100.0 33                
                                   
Female by Age Group 18-24 35.0 47.5 5.0 10.0 - 2.5 100.0 40                
  25-29 19.2 61.5 15.4 3.8 - - 99.9 52                
  30-34 22.4 63.3 14.3 - - - 100.0 49                
  35-39 13.0 57.4 18.5 11.1 - - 100.0 54                
  40-44 10.0 72.5 15.0 2.5 - - 100.0 40                
  45-49 10.0 75.0 11.7 1.7 1.7 - 100.1 60                
  50-54 21.2 51.9 15.4 9.6 1.9 - 100.0 52                
  55-59 12.2 63.3 18.4 4.1 2.0 - 100.0 49                
  60-64 18.3 51.7 13.3 15.0 1.7 - 100.0 60                
  65-69 13.0 39.1 43.5 4.3 - - 99.9 23                
  70 or Older 20.0 48.0 28.0 4.0 - - 100.0 25                
                                   
Education 1 year or less 6.3 68.8 25.0 - - - 100.1 16                
  Elementary school 11.1 61.1 22.2 5.6 - - 100.0 54                
  Junior high school 19.3 56.8 13.2 9.1 1.6 - 100.0 243                
  High school 17.5 56.6 18.2 7.1 0.6 - 100.0 325                
  Under graduate diploma 15.5 62.1 17.7 4.4 - 0.3 100.0 317                
  Advanced degree (masters, doctorate) 30.8 46.2 19.2 - - 3.8 100.0 26                
  Unclear - 75.0 - 25.0 - - 100.0 4                
  Other 20.0 80.0 - - - - 100.0 5                
  DK 40.0 60.0 - - - - 100.0 10                
                                   
Income 20000CNY 18.8 64.7 9.8 6.0 0.8 - 100.1 133                
  20001-40000CNY 18.9 56.0 15.6 9.1 0.4 - 100.0 243                
  40001-60000CNY 14.8 57.0 21.5 5.9 0.7 - 99.9 135                
  60001-80000CNY 9.9 64.2 14.8 8.6 1.2 1.2 99.9 81                
  80001-100000CNY 18.5 64.2 11.1 6.2 - - 100.0 81                
  100001-150000CNY 12.2 64.9 18.9 4.1 - - 100.1 74                
  150001-300000CNY 18.6 44.2 34.9 2.3 - - 100.0 43                
  300001CNY or more - 85.7 14.3 - - - 100.0 7                
  Rfused 22.9 52.3 20.9 2.6 1.3 - 100.0 153                
  DK 14.0 64.0 10.0 10.0 - 2.0 100.0 50                
                                   
                                   
Q13 Using the classifications on this card, how would you classify your current standard of living?                      
                                   
1 Upper                                  
2 Upper middle                                  
3 Middle                                  
4 Lower middle                                  
5 Lower                                  
8 Other                                  
9 DK                                  
                                   
                                   
    1 2 3 4 5 8 9 Total N              
    Upper Upper middle Middle Lower middle Lower Other DK                  
Total   1.5 15.6 51.2 22.2 7.7 0.2 1.6 100.0 1000              
                                   
Gender Male 1.0 15.3 49.8 23.4 9.1 0.2 1.2 100.0 496              
  Female 2.0 15.9 52.6 21.0 6.3 0.2 2.0 100.0 504              
                                   
Age Group 18-24 2.2 16.3 58.7 16.3 4.3 - 2.2 100.0 92              
  25-29 1.1 20.2 58.4 14.6 5.6 - - 99.9 89              
  30-34 2.0 19.4 49.0 22.4 6.1 - 1.0 99.9 98              
  35-39 - 14.6 58.3 18.4 6.8 1.0 1.0 100.1 103              
  40-44 2.6 13.0 48.1 32.5 2.6 1.3 - 100.1 77              
  45-49 1.7 14.2 50.8 23.3 9.2 - 0.8 100.0 120              
  50-54 1.9 13.3 48.6 23.8 10.5 - 1.9 100.0 105              
  55-59 1.0 13.7 52.0 23.5 6.9 - 2.9 100.0 102              
  60-64 1.8 10.8 45.9 24.3 14.4 - 2.7 99.9 111              
  65-69 2.2 20.0 40.0 28.9 6.7 - 2.2 100.0 45              
  70 or Older - 22.4 46.6 19.0 8.6 - 3.4 100.0 58              
                                   
Male by Age Group 18-24 1.9 17.3 55.8 19.2 3.8 - 1.9 99.9 52              
  25-29 - 21.6 54.1 16.2 8.1 - - 100.0 37              
  30-34 2.0 14.3 59.2 18.4 6.1 - - 100.0 49              
  35-39 - 16.3 49.0 20.4 10.2 2.0 2.0 99.9 49              
  40-44 2.7 10.8 51.4 29.7 5.4 - - 100.0 37              
  45-49 - 16.7 45.0 28.3 10.0 - - 100.0 60              
  50-54 1.9 9.4 43.4 26.4 17.0 - 1.9 100.0 53              
  55-59 - 13.2 50.9 30.2 5.7 - - 100.0 53              
  60-64 2.0 15.7 47.1 19.6 11.8 - 3.9 100.1 51              
  65-69 - 18.2 40.9 31.8 9.1 - - 100.0 22              
  70 or Older - 18.2 48.5 18.2 12.1 - 3.0 100.0 33              
                                   
Female by Age Group 18-24 2.5 15.0 62.5 12.5 5.0 - 2.5 100.0 40              
  25-29 1.9 19.2 61.5 13.5 3.8 - - 99.9 52              
  30-34 2.0 24.5 38.8 26.5 6.1 - 2.0 99.9 49              
  35-39 - 13.0 66.7 16.7 3.7 - - 100.1 54              
  40-44 2.5 15.0 45.0 35.0 - 2.5 - 100.0 40              
  45-49 3.3 11.7 56.7 18.3 8.3 - 1.7 100.0 60              
  50-54 1.9 17.3 53.8 21.2 3.8 - 1.9 99.9 52              
  55-59 2.0 14.3 53.1 16.3 8.2 - 6.1 100.0 49              
  60-64 1.7 6.7 45.0 28.3 16.7 - 1.7 100.1 60              
  65-69 4.3 21.7 39.1 26.1 4.3 - 4.3 99.8 23              
  70 or Older - 28.0 44.0 20.0 4.0 - 4.0 100.0 25              
                                   
Education 1 year or less - 6.3 43.8 43.8 6.3 - - 100.2 16