Beijing 2011 Survey Cross Tabulations                                
Update 2017/10/31                                  
                                   
Q1 Over the next five years do you think your l iving conditions will get better or worse?                        
                                   
1 Much better                                  
2 Slightly better                                  
3 About the same                                  
4 Slightly worse                                  
5 Much Worse                                  
8 Other                                  
9 DK                                  
                                   
    1 2 3 4 5 8 9 Total N              
合計 52.0 39.9 3.7 2.8 0.9 0.3 0.4 100.0 1000              
                               
Gender Male 49.0 42.5 3.8 3.4 1.0 - 0.4 100.1 506              
Female 55.1 37.2 3.6 2.2 0.8 0.6 0.4 99.9 494              
                               
Age Grope 18-24 41.0 48.0 4.0 7.0 - - - 100.0 100              
25-29 46.8 44.1 2.7 5.3 1.1 - - 100.0 188              
30-34 46.6 43.2 4.2 2.5 1.7 0.8 0.8 99.8 118              
35-39 55.3 40.4 2.1 - 1.1 - 1.1 100.0 94              
40-44 58.4 32.6 6.7 1.1 - - 1.1 99.9 89              
45-49 56.0 39.4 2.8 0.9 - 0.9 - 100.0 109              
50-54 53.7 38.8 1.5 3.0 1.5 - 1.5 100.0 67              
55-59 57.1 39.6 2.2 1.1 - - - 100.0 91              
60-64 56.2 32.9 6.8 1.4 2.7 - - 100.0 73              
65-69 58.1 25.8 6.5 3.2 3.2 3.2 - 100.0 31              
70 or Older 60.0 32.5 5.0 2.5 - - - 100.0 40              
                               
Male by Age Grope 18-24 34.5 54.5 3.6 7.3 - - - 99.9 55              
25-29 49.0 40.6 3.1 7.3 - - - 100.0 96              
30-34 43.8 46.9 3.1 3.1 1.6 - 1.6 100.1 64              
35-39 56.8 38.6 2.3 - 2.3 - - 100.0 44              
40-44 57.1 33.3 7.1 2.4 - - - 99.9 42              
45-49 46.7 50.0 1.7 1.7 - - - 100.1 60              
50-54 51.7 34.5 3.4 3.4 3.4 - 3.4 99.8 29              
55-59 58.3 39.6 2.1 - - - - 100.0 48              
60-64 52.9 35.3 8.8 - 2.9 - - 99.9 34              
65-69 57.1 35.7 - - 7.1 - - 99.9 14              
70 or Older 40.0 45.0 10.0 5.0 - - - 100.0 20              
                               
Female by Age Grope 18-24 48.9 40.0 4.4 6.7 - - - 100.0 45              
25-29 44.6 47.8 2.2 3.3 2.2 - - 100.1 92              
30-34 50.0 38.9 5.6 1.9 1.9 1.9 - 100.2 54              
35-39 54.0 42.0 2.0 - - - 2.0 100.0 50              
40-44 59.6 31.9 6.4 - - - 2.1 100.0 47              
45-49 67.3 26.5 4.1 - - 2.0 - 99.9 49              
50-54 55.3 42.1 - 2.6 - - - 100.0 38              
55-59 55.8 39.5 2.3 2.3 - - - 99.9 43              
60-64 59.0 30.8 5.1 2.6 2.6 - - 100.1 39              
65-69 58.8 17.6 11.8 5.9 - 5.9 - 100.0 17              
70 or Older 80.0 20.0 - - - - - 100.0 20              
                               
Education 1 year or less 73.7 15.8 5.3 - - 5.3 - 100.1 19              
Elementary school 70.3 20.3 4.7 1.6 3.1 - - 100.0 64              
Junior high school 60.6 35.9 1.9 1.5 - - - 99.9 259              
High school 53.2 38.3 4.3 3.2 0.7 0.4 - 100.1 282              
Undergraduate diploma 40.4 48.1 4.7 4.2 1.5 0.3 0.9 100.1 337              
Advanced degree (masters, doctorate) 41.7 55.6 - - - - 2.8 100.1 36              
Unclear 100.0 - - - - - - 100.0 1              
Other 100.0 - - - - - - 100.0 2              
                               
Income Under 20000CNY 61.4 31.0 3.2 3.8 0.6 - - 100.0 158              
20001-40000CNY 50.4 43.5 3.3 2.4 0.4 - - 100.0 246              
40001-60000CNY 52.0 40.6 4.0 1.1 1.1 1.1 - 99.9 175              
60001-80000CNY 50.0 39.2 5.9 3.9 1.0 - - 100.0 102              
80001-100000CNY 36.5 52.7 5.4 4.1 1.4 - - 100.1 74              
100001-150000CNY 45.1 46.3 3.7 2.4 1.2 - 1.2 99.9 82              
150001-300000CNY 46.7 42.2 2.2 4.4 2.2 - 2.2 99.9 45              
300001CNY or more 60.0 30.0 - 5.0 5.0 - - 100.0 20              
Refused 61.7 30.0 3.3 1.7 - - 3.3 100.0 60              
DK 60.5 31.6 2.6 2.6 - 2.6 - 99.9 38              
                               
                                   
Q2 Which one of the following countries or regions would you like to see                             
develop the friendliest relationship for our own national interest?
1 USA
2 EU
3 Japan
4 South Korea
5 India
6 Singapore
7 Australia
8 Other
9 DK
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Total N
 
Total 47.1 19.4 3.3 6.7 2.3 7.6 6.7 4.0 2.9 100.0 1000
                     
Gender Male 44.7 23.1 3.2 5.1 2.8 7.9 5.5 5.3 2.4 100.0 506
Female 49.6 15.6 3.4 8.3 1.8 7.3 7.9 2.6 3.4 99.9 494
                     
Age Grope 18-24 33.0 27.0 5.0 9.0 3.0 6.0 10.0 2.0 5.0 100.0 100
25-29 48.9 25.0 4.8 4.3 2.7 4.8 3.7 3.2 2.7 100.1 188
30-34 50.0 18.6 2.5 4.2 0.8 8.5 5.1 6.8 3.4 99.9 118
35-39 50.0 17.0 3.2 8.5 5.3 9.6 3.2 - 3.2 100.0 94
40-44 52.8 15.7 4.5 3.4 1.1 6.7 7.9 5.6 2.2 99.9 89
45-49 45.0 22.9 4.6 7.3 0.9 6.4 8.3 3.7 0.9 100.0 109
50-54 43.3 16.4 - 10.4 4.5 6.0 10.4 4.5 4.5 100.0 67
55-59 54.9 11.0 2.2 8.8 1.1 12.1 6.6 1.1 2.2 100.0 91
60-64 50.7 13.7 - 9.6 1.4 12.3 6.8 4.1 1.4 100.0 73
65-69 32.3 9.7 3.2 3.2 6.5 12.9 16.1 12.9 3.2 100.0 31
70 or Older 45.0 22.5 2.5 7.5 - 2.5 5.0 10.0 5.0 100.0 40
                     
Male by Age Grope 18-24 30.9 34.5 3.6 5.5 3.6 7.3 7.3 3.6 3.6 99.9 55
25-29 47.9 28.1 5.2 1.0 3.1 5.2 3.1 5.2 1.0 99.8 96
30-34 43.8 21.9 4.7 3.1 - 9.4 3.1 9.4 4.7 100.1 64
35-39 45.5 25.0 - 4.5 9.1 9.1 2.3 - 4.5 100.0 44
40-44 47.6 21.4 7.1 4.8 - 2.4 7.1 7.1 2.4 99.9 42
45-49 46.7 21.7 3.3 8.3 1.7 6.7 5.0 6.7 - 100.1 60
50-54 55.2 6.9 - 3.4 3.4 6.9 17.2 3.4 3.4 99.8 29
55-59 50.0 14.6 2.1 8.3 - 16.7 8.3 - - 100.0 48
60-64 50.0 20.6 - 11.8 2.9 8.8 2.9 2.9 - 99.9 34
65-69 21.4 7.1 - 7.1 14.3 14.3 14.3 21.4 - 99.9 14
70 or Older 35.0 35.0 - 5.0 - 5.0 - 10.0 10.0 100.0 20
                     
Female byAge Grope 18-24 35.6 17.8 6.7 13.3 2.2 4.4 13.3 - 6.7 100.0 45
25-29 50.0 21.7 4.3 7.6 2.2 4.3 4.3 1.1 4.3 99.8 92
30-34 57.4 14.8 - 5.6 1.9 7.4 7.4 3.7 1.9 100.1 54
35-39 54.0 10.0 6.0 12.0 2.0 10.0 4.0 - 2.0 100.0 50
40-44 57.4 10.6 2.1 2.1 2.1 10.6 8.5 4.3 2.1 99.8 47
45-49 42.9 24.5 6.1 6.1 - 6.1 12.2 - 2.0 99.9 49
50-54 34.2 23.7 - 15.8 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.3 100.2 38
55-59 60.5 7.0 2.3 9.3 2.3 7.0 4.7 2.3 4.7 100.1 43
60-64 51.3 7.7 - 7.7 - 15.4 10.3 5.1 2.6 100.1 39
65-69 41.2 11.8 5.9 - - 11.8 17.6 5.9 5.9 100.1 17
70 or Older 55.0 10.0 5.0 10.0 - - 10.0 10.0 - 100.0 20
                     
Education 1 year or less 73.7 - - 10.5 - 5.3 - 5.3 5.3 100.1 19
Elementary school 42.2 14.1 3.1 4.7 4.7 14.1 7.8 4.7 4.7 100.1 64
Junior high school 47.5 15.4 3.1 9.7 1.5 8.5 6.9 4.6 2.7 99.9 259
High school 47.5 18.8 3.9 8.9 1.4 7.1 7.1 2.8 2.5 100.0 282
Undergraduate diploma 46.3 23.7 3.0 3.6 3.0 6.5 6.5 4.2 3.3 100.1 337
Advanced degree (masters, doctorate) 44.4 33.3 5.6 - 2.8 2.8 5.6 5.6 - 100.1 36
Unclear - - - - 100.0 - - - - 100.0 1
Other 50.0 - - - - 50.0 - - - 100.0 2
                     
Income 20000CNY 43.7 16.5 4.4 12.0 - 11.4 6.3 3.8 1.9 100.0 158
20001-40000CNY 46.7 15.9 4.1 8.1 1.6 7.7 7.7 4.1 4.1 100.0 246
40001-60000CNY 53.7 16.6 1.7 5.1 2.3 8.6 6.3 4.0 1.7 100.0 175
60001-80000CNY 50.0 21.6 2.9 3.9 4.9 4.9 4.9 2.0 4.9 100.0 102
80001-100000CNY 39.2 18.9 4.1 8.1 1.4 6.8 13.5 5.4 2.7 100.1 74
100001-150000CNY 50.0 25.6 2.4 1.2 3.7 7.3 4.9 4.9 - 100.0 82
150001-300000CNY 55.6 22.2 2.2 2.2 - 4.4 8.9 4.4 - 99.9 45
300001CNY or more 45.0 30.0 - 5.0 5.0 - 5.0 5.0 5.0 100.0 20
Refused 45.0 30.0 5.0 - 5.0 6.7 3.3 1.7 3.3 100.0 60
DK 28.9 23.7 2.6 15.8 5.3 5.3 2.6 7.9 7.9 100.0 38
Q3 If you could be born again in a country or area other than Japan, 
which one of the fol lowing countries or area (s) would you like to be born in?
1 Japan
2 South Korea
3 Taiwan
4 Hong Kong
5 India
6 Singapore
7 Australia
8 Other
9 DK
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Total N
                       
Total 3.6 7.8 9.9 29.6 0.8 21.0 21.1 3.4 2.8 100.0 1000
                     
Gender Male 4.3 5.3 10.7 29.1 1.0 22.9 19.2 3.8 3.8 100.1 506
Female 2.8 10.3 9.1 30.2 0.6 19.0 23.1 3.0 1.8 99.9 494
                     
Age Grope 18-24 7.0 11.0 5.0 33.0 1.0 16.0 23.0 1.0 3.0 100.0 100          
25-29 3.7 8.0 6.9 31.4 0.5 20.2 25.0 2.7 1.6 100.0 188
30-34 2.5 7.6 5.9 23.7 0.8 26.3 27.1 2.5 3.4 99.8 118
35-39 4.3 6.4 7.4 36.2 1.1 25.5 13.8 5.3 - 100.0 94
40-44 4.5 5.6 7.9 33.7 2.2 23.6 18.0 1.1 3.4 100.0 89
45-49 0.9 9.2 11.0 26.6 0.9 19.3 28.4 2.8 0.9 100.0 109
50-54 3.0 11.9 16.4 29.9 - 16.4 16.4 1.5 4.5 100.0 67
55-59 2.2 7.7 14.3 26.4 1.1 24.2 15.4 5.5 3.3 100.1 91
60-64 4.1 4.1 15.1 26.0 - 21.9 17.8 4.1 6.8 99.9 73
65-69 3.2 6.5 16.1 19.4 - 19.4 22.6 6.5 6.5 100.2 31
70 or Older 5.0 5.0 20.0 35.0 - 10.0 10.0 12.5 2.5 100.0 40
                     
Male by Age Grope 18-24 10.9 7.3 5.5 32.7 - 18.2 18.2 1.8 5.5 100.1 55
25-29 4.2 5.2 7.3 31.3 - 22.9 25.0 3.1 1.0 100.0 96
30-34 4.7 4.7 4.7 17.2 1.6 32.8 26.6 3.1 4.7 100.1 64
35-39 - 4.5 11.4 40.9 2.3 22.7 11.4 6.8 - 100.0 44
40-44 4.8 4.8 7.1 31.0 4.8 23.8 14.3 2.4 7.1 100.1 42
45-49 1.7 10.0 11.7 30.0 - 21.7 21.7 1.7 1.7 100.2 60
50-54 3.4 6.9 20.7 31.0 - 13.8 13.8 3.4 6.9 99.9 29
55-59 2.1 4.2 14.6 27.1 2.1 27.1 16.7 2.1 4.2 100.2 48
60-64 5.9 - 17.6 23.5 - 23.5 14.7 5.9 8.8 99.9 34
65-69 7.1 7.1 21.4 21.4 - 21.4 21.4 - - 99.8 14
70 or Older 5.0 - 20.0 30.0 - 10.0 10.0 20.0 5.0 100.0 20
                     
Female byAge Grope 18-24 2.2 15.6 4.4 33.3 2.2 13.3 28.9 - - 99.9 45
25-29 3.3 10.9 6.5 31.5 1.1 17.4 25.0 2.2 2.2 100.1 92
30-34 - 11.1 7.4 31.5 - 18.5 27.8 1.9 1.9 100.1 54
35-39 8.0 8.0 4.0 32.0 - 28.0 16.0 4.0 - 100.0 50
40-44 4.3 6.4 8.5 36.2 - 23.4 21.3 - - 100.1 47
45-49 - 8.2 10.2 22.4 2.0 16.3 36.7 4.1 - 99.9 49
50-54 2.6 15.8 13.2 28.9 - 18.4 18.4 - 2.6 99.9 38
55-59 2.3 11.6 14.0 25.6 - 20.9 14.0 9.3 2.3 100.0 43
60-64 2.6 7.7 12.8 28.2 - 20.5 20.5 2.6 5.1 100.0 39
65-69 - 5.9 11.8 17.6 - 17.6 23.5 11.8 11.8 100.0 17
70 or Older 5.0 10.0 20.0 40.0 - 10.0 10.0 5.0 - 100.0 20
                  0.0  
Education 1 year or less - 5.3 21.1 36.8 - 15.8 - 5.3 15.8 100.1 19
Elementary school 4.7 12.5 10.9 37.5 - 18.8 4.7 7.8 3.1 100.0 64
Junior high school 3.5 9.3 12.0 34.0 0.4 19.3 15.1 3.9 2.7 100.2 259
High school 5.0 10.6 11.7 28.4 1.4 16.0 22.7 2.1 2.1 100.0 282
Undergraduate diploma 2.4 4.5 6.2 26.4 0.9 25.2 28.5 3.0 3.0 100.1 337
Advanced degree (masters, doctorate) 5.6 - 8.3 13.9 - 41.7 25.0 5.6 - 100.1 36
Unclear - - - 100.0 - - - - - 100.0 1
Other - - - 100.0 - - - - - 100.0 2
                     
Income 20000CNY 4.4 13.3 10.1 32.3 0.6 19.6 13.3 3.2 3.2 100.0 158
20001-40000CNY 4.1 11.0 11.4 22.0 0.4 21.1 21.1 4.1 4.9 100.1 246
40001-60000CNY 2.9 4.0 12.0 36.0 1.1 20.0 20.0 3.4 0.6 100.0 175
60001-80000CNY 5.9 5.9 9.8 32.4 - 24.5 17.6 3.9 - 100.0 102
80001-100000CNY - 4.1 9.5 27.0 2.7 20.3 31.1 2.7 2.7 100.1 74
100001-150000CNY 4.9 4.9 7.3 22.0 1.2 29.3 26.8 2.4 1.2 100.0 82
150001-300000CNY 4.4 6.7 4.4 28.9 - 15.6 33.3 4.4 2.2 99.9 45
300001CNY or more - - 15.0 35.0 - 5.0 40.0 5.0 - 100.0 20
Refused 1.7 8.3 6.7 38.3 1.7 20.0 18.3 3.3 1.7 100.0 60
DK 2.6 5.3 5.3 36.8 - 21.1 15.8 - 13.2 100.1 38
Q4 Now, if you could be born again, would you like to be a boy or a girl?
1 Boy
2 Girl
8 Other
9 DK
    1 2 8 9 Total N                    
                             
Total 57.3 36.0 5.0 1.7 100.0 1000                    
                               
Gender Male 76.3 16.2 5.3 2.2 100.0 506                    
Female 37.9 56.3 4.7 1.2 100.1 494                    
                               
Age Grope 18-24 57.0 36.0 4.0 3.0 100.0 100                    
25-29 58.5 36.7 2.1 2.7 100.0 188                    
30-34 58.5 33.9 5.9 1.7 100.0 118                    
35-39 64.9 29.8 4.3 1.1 100.1 94                    
40-44 56.2 39.3 3.4 1.1 100.0 89                    
45-49 57.8 33.0 8.3 0.9 100.0 109                    
50-54 62.7 34.3 3.0 - 100.0 67                    
55-59 57.1 38.5 4.4 - 100.0 91                    
60-64 45.2 49.3 2.7 2.7 99.9 73                    
65-69 61.3 19.4 16.1 3.2 100.0 31                    
70 or Older 42.5 40.0 15.0 2.5 100.0 40                    
                               
Male by Age Grope 18-24 78.2 10.9 7.3 3.6 100.0 55                    
25-29 77.1 15.6 2.1 5.2 100.0 96                    
30-34 73.4 18.8 6.3 1.6 100.1 64                    
35-39 90.9 6.8 - 2.3 100.0 44                    
40-44 78.6 16.7 4.8 - 100.1 42                    
45-49 75.0 15.0 10.0 - 100.0 60                    
50-54 82.8 13.8 3.4 - 100.0 29                    
55-59 70.8 27.1 2.1 - 100.0 48                    
60-64 64.7 26.5 5.9 2.9 100.0 34                    
65-69 78.6 - 21.4 - 100.0 14                    
70 or Older 65.0 20.0 10.0 5.0 100.0 20                    
                               
Female byAge Grope 18-24 31.1 66.7 - 2.2 100.0 45                    
25-29 39.1 58.7 2.2 - 100.0 92                    
30-34 40.7 51.9 5.6 1.9 100.1 54                    
35-39 42.0 50.0 8.0 - 100.0 50                    
40-44 36.2 59.6 2.1 2.1 100.0 47                    
45-49 36.7 55.1 6.1 2.0 99.9 49                    
50-54 47.4 50.0 2.6 - 100.0 38                    
55-59 41.9 51.2 7.0 - 100.1 43                    
60-64 28.2 69.2 - 2.6 100.0 39                    
65-69 47.1 35.3 11.8 5.9 100.1 17                    
70 or Older 20.0 60.0 20.0 - 100.0 20                    
                               
Education 1 year or less 42.1 57.9 - - 100.0 19                    
Elementary school 51.6 39.1 9.4 - 100.1 64                    
Junior high school 59.8 35.5 3.9 0.8 100.0 259                    
High school 55.3 37.9 4.6 2.1 99.9 282                    
Undergraduate diploma 59.1 33.2 5.3 2.4 100.0 337                    
Advanced degree (masters, doctorate) 58.3 30.6 8.3 2.8 100.0 36                    
Unclear 100.0 - - - 100.0 1                    
Other - 100.0 - - 100.0 2                    
                               
Income 20000CNY 48.1 44.9 5.7 1.3 100.0 158                    
20001-40000CNY 62.6 32.9 3.7 0.8 100.0 246                    
40001-60000CNY 57.1 37.1 4.6 1.1 99.9 175                    
60001-80000CNY 57.8 31.4 5.9 4.9 100.0 102                    
80001-100000CNY 63.5 32.4 1.4 2.7 100.0 74                    
100001-150000CNY 63.4 29.3 6.1 1.2 100.0 82                    
150001-300000CNY 53.3 42.2 4.4 - 99.9 45                    
300001CNY or more 60.0 30.0 10.0 - 100.0 20                    
Refused 45.0 46.7 5.0 3.3 100.0 60                    
DK 57.9 26.3 13.2 2.6 100.0 38                    
                                   
                                   
Q5 Would you say you are, on the whole, more or less inclined than the average Japanese to respect your ancestors?                  
                                   
1 More than the average Japanese                                
2 Less than the average Japanese                                
3 Average                                  
8 Other                                  
9 DK                                  
                                   
                                   
    1 2 3 8 9 Total N                  
                                 
Total 65.3 1.7 32.6 0.2 0.2 100.0 1000                  
                               
Gender Male 67.8 1.8 30.0 0.2 0.2 100.0 506                  
Female 62.8 1.6 35.2 0.2 0.2 100.0 494                  
                               
Age Grope 18-24 52.0 2.0 44.0 - 2.0 100.0 100                  
25-29 59.0 2.7 38.3 - - 100.0 188                  
30-34 64.4 3.4 32.2 - - 100.0 118                  
35-39 69.1 - 30.9 - - 100.0 94                  
40-44 67.4 - 32.6 - - 100.0 89                  
45-49 69.7 0.9 29.4 - - 100.0 109                  
50-54 76.1 1.5 22.4 - - 100.0 67                  
55-59 68.1 1.1 30.8 - - 100.0 91                  
60-64 75.3 2.7 21.9 - - 99.9 73                  
65-69 71.0 - 25.8 3.2 - 100.0 31                  
70 or Older 57.5 2.5 37.5 2.5 - 100.0 40                  
                               
Male by Age Grope 18-24 52.7 3.6 41.8 - 1.8 99.9 55                  
25-29 65.6 2.1 32.3 - - 100.0 96                  
30-34 65.6 6.3 28.1 - - 100.0 64                  
35-39 77.3 - 22.7 - - 100.0 44                  
40-44 69.0 - 31.0 - - 100.0 42                  
45-49 68.3 - 31.7 - - 100.0 60                  
50-54 82.8 3.4 13.8 - - 100.0 29                  
55-59 72.9 - 27.1 - - 100.0 48                  
60-64 76.5 - 23.5 - - 100.0 34                  
65-69 78.6 - 21.4 - - 100.0 14                  
70 or Older 45.0 - 50.0 5.0 - 100.0 20                  
                               
Female byAge Grope 18-24 51.1 - 46.7 - 2.2 100.0 45                  
25-29 52.2 3.3 44.6 - - 100.1 92                  
30-34 63.0 - 37.0 - - 100.0 54                  
35-39 62.0 - 38.0 - - 100.0 50                  
40-44 66.0 - 34.0 - - 100.0 47                  
45-49 71.4 2.0 26.5 - - 99.9 49                  
50-54 71.1 - 28.9 - - 100.0 38                  
55-59 62.8 2.3 34.9 - - 100.0 43                  
60-64 74.4 5.1 20.5 - - 100.0 39                  
65-69 64.7 - 29.4 5.9 - 100.0 17                  
70 or Older 70.0 5.0 25.0 - - 100.0 20                  
                               
Education 1 year or less 63.2 5.3 31.6 - - 100.1 19                  
Elementary school 65.6 3.1 31.3 - - 100.0 64                  
Junior high school 67.2 0.8 31.3 0.4 0.4 100.1 259                  
High school 69.1 1.8 28.4 0.4 0.4 100.1 282                  
Undergraduate diploma 61.4 1.8 36.8 - - 100.0 337                  
Advanced degree (masters, doctorate) 55.6 2.8 41.7 - - 100.1 36                  
Unclear 100.0 - - - - 100.0 1                  
Other 100.0 - - - - 100.0 2                  
                               
Income 20000CNY 66.5 1.3 31.6 0.6 - 100.0 158                  
20001-40000CNY 69.9 2.0 27.6 - 0.4 99.9 246                  
40001-60000CNY 63.4 1.7 34.9 - - 100.0 175                  
60001-80000CNY 64.7 1.0 32.4 1.0 1.0 100.1 102                  
80001-100000CNY 63.5 1.4 35.1 - - 100.0 74                  
100001-150000CNY 54.9 3.7 41.5 - - 100.1 82                  
150001-300000CNY 57.8 2.2 40.0 - - 100.0 45                  
300001CNY or more 75.0 - 25.0 - - 100.0 20                  
Refused 70.0 - 30.0 - - 100.0 60                  
DK 63.2 2.6 34.2 - - 100.0 38                  
                                   
                                   
Q6 If you had no children, would you think it desirable to adopt a child in order to continue the family line, even if there is no blood relationship?            
                                   
1 Would adopt                                  
2 Would not adopt                                  
3 Depends on situation                                  
8 Other                                  
9 DK                                  
                                   
                                   
    1 2 3 8 9 Total N                  
                                 
Total 40.1 44.4 14.0 0.5 1.0 100.0 1000                  
                               
Gender Male 38.3 43.5 16.4 0.4 1.4 100.0 506                  
Female 41.9 45.3 11.5 0.6 0.6 99.9 494                  
                               
Age Grope 18-24 39.0 34.0 23.0 1.0 3.0 100.0 100                  
25-29 31.4 44.1 22.9 1.1 0.5 100.0 188                  
30-34 40.7 45.8 13.6 - - 100.1 118                  
35-39 51.1 37.2 11.7 - - 100.0 94                  
40-44 55.1 34.8 7.9 - 2.2 100.0 89                  
45-49 35.8 54.1 8.3 0.9 0.9 100.0 109                  
50-54 35.8 46.3 17.9 - - 100.0 67                  
55-59 49.5 40.7 8.8 1.1 - 100.1 91                  
60-64 39.7 53.4 5.5 - 1.4 100.0 73                  
65-69 29.0 64.5 6.5 - - 100.0 31                  
70 or Older 30.0 52.5 12.5 - 5.0 100.0 40                  
                               
Male by Age Grope 18-24 41.8 27.3 25.5 - 5.5 100.1 55                  
25-29 30.2 41.7 26.0 1.0 1.0 99.9 96                  
30-34 32.8 51.6 15.6 - - 100.0 64                  
35-39 56.8 27.3 15.9 - - 100.0 44                  
40-44 52.4 38.1 9.5 - - 100.0 42                  
45-49 33.3 56.7 6.7 1.7 1.7 100.1 60                  
50-54 31.0 51.7 17.2 - - 99.9 29                  
55-59 43.8 43.8 12.5 - - 100.1 48                  
60-64 44.1 44.1 8.8 - 2.9 99.9 34                  
65-69 21.4 71.4 7.1 - - 99.9 14                  
70 or Older 30.0 45.0 20.0 - 5.0 100.0 20                  
                               
Female byAge Grope 18-24 35.6 42.2 20.0 2.2 - 100.0 45                  
25-29 32.6 46.7 19.6 1.1 - 100.0 92                  
30-34 50.0 38.9 11.1 - - 100.0 54                  
35-39 46.0 46.0 8.0 - - 100.0 50                  
40-44 57.4 31.9 6.4 - 4.3 100.0 47                  
45-49 38.8 51.0 10.2 - - 100.0 49                  
50-54 39.5 42.1 18.4 - - 100.0 38                  
55-59 55.8 37.2 4.7 2.3 - 100.0 43                  
60-64 35.9 61.5 2.6 - - 100.0 39                  
65-69 35.3 58.8 5.9 - - 100.0 17                  
70 or Older 30.0 60.0 5.0 - 5.0 100.0 20                  
                               
Education 1 year or less 52.6 31.6 15.8 - - 100.0 19                  
Elementary school 45.3 42.2 10.9 1.6 - 100.0 64                  
Junior high school 46.7 40.2 12.4 - 0.8 100.1 259                  
High school 43.3 44.7 10.6 0.4 1.1 100.1 282                  
Undergraduate diploma 31.2 47.8 18.7 0.9 1.5 100.1 337                  
Advanced degree (masters, doctorate) 36.1 50.0 13.9 - - 100.0 36                  
Unclear - 100.0 - - - 100.0 1                  
Other 50.0 50.0 - - - 100.0 2                  
                               
Income 20000CNY 46.8 41.8 10.8 - 0.6 100.0 158                  
20001-40000CNY 41.1 43.5 13.8 1.2 0.4 100.0 246                  
40001-60000CNY 41.1 42.9 15.4 - 0.6 100.0 175                  
60001-80000CNY 41.2 46.1 12.7 - - 100.0 102                  
80001-100000CNY 41.9 35.1 18.9 1.4 2.7 100.0 74                  
100001-150000CNY 35.4 51.2 11.0 1.2 1.2 100.0 82                  
150001-300000CNY 37.8 53.3 8.9 - - 100.0 45                  
300001CNY or more 45.0 45.0 5.0 - 5.0 100.0 20                  
Refused 31.7 48.3 16.7 - 3.3 100.0 60                  
DK 18.4 50.0 28.9 - 2.6 99.9 38                  
                                   
                                   
Q7 In general, what would you think is the ideal number of children in a family?                          
                                   
99 DK                                  
                                   
                                   
                                   
                                   
    0 1 2 3 4 5 6 9 Total N            
                                 
Total 0.7 21.0 74.6 2.7 0.5 0.1 0.1 0.3 100.0 1000            
                               
Gender Male 0.6 21.7 73.3 3.2 0.6 0.2 0.2 0.2 100.0 506            
Female 0.8 20.2 75.9 2.2 0.4 - - 0.4 99.9 494            
                               
Age Grope 18-24 - 30.0 66.0 2.0 - 1.0 - 1.0 100.0 100            
25-29 0.5 26.6 69.7 2.7 0.5 - - - 100.0 188            
30-34 0.8 22.9 70.3 4.2 0.8 - - 0.8 99.8 118            
35-39 - 16.0 79.8 3.2 1.1 - - - 100.1 94            
40-44 - 20.2 74.2 4.5 1.1 - - - 100.0 89            
45-49 1.8 19.3 78.9 - - - - - 100.0 109            
50-54 1.5 16.4 79.1 3.0 - - - - 100.0 67            
55-59 1.1 18.7 78.0 2.2 - - - - 100.0 91            
60-64 - 11.0 84.9 2.7 - - 1.4 - 100.0 73            
65-69 3.2 19.4 71.0 3.2 - - - 3.2 100.0 31            
70 or Older - 17.5 77.5 2.5 2.5 - - - 100.0 40            
                               
Male by Age Grope 18-24 - 29.1 65.5 3.6 - 1.8 - - 100.0 55            
25-29 - 25.0 70.8 3.1 1.0 - - - 99.9 96            
30-34 1.6 18.8 75.0 3.1 - - - 1.6 100.1 64            
35-39 - 9.1 86.4 4.5 - - - - 100.0 44            
40-44 - 23.8 69.0 4.8 2.4 - - - 100.0 42            
45-49 - 26.7 73.3 - - - - - 100.0 60            
50-54 3.4 17.2 75.9 3.4 - - - - 99.9 29            
55-59 2.1 20.8 75.0 2.1 - - - - 100.0 48            
60-64 - 14.7 76.5 5.9 - - 2.9 - 100.0 34            
65-69 - 21.4 78.6 - - - - - 100.0 14            
70 or Older - 25.0 65.0 5.0 5.0 - - - 100.0 20            
                               
Female byAge Grope 18-24 - 31.1 66.7 - - - - 2.2 100.0 45            
25-29 1.1 28.3 68.5 2.2 - - - - 100.1 92            
30-34 - 27.8 64.8 5.6 1.9 - - - 100.1 54            
35-39 - 22.0 74.0 2.0 2.0 - - - 100.0 50            
40-44 - 17.0 78.7 4.3 - - - - 100.0 47            
45-49 4.1 10.2 85.7 - - - - - 100.0 49            
50-54 - 15.8 81.6 2.6 - - - - 100.0 38            
55-59 - 16.3 81.4 2.3 - - - - 100.0 43            
60-64 - 7.7 92.3 - - - - - 100.0 39            
65-69 5.9 17.6 64.7 5.9 - - - 5.9 100.0 17            
70 or Older - 10.0 90.0 - - - - - 100.0 20            
                               
Education 1 year or less - 5.3 89.5 - 5.3 - - - 100.1 19            
Elementary school - 10.9 87.5 1.6 - - - - 100.0 64            
Junior high school 0.4 23.2 74.5 1.2 0.4 - - 0.4 100.1 259            
High school 1.4 25.5 70.9 1.1 - 0.4 0.4 0.4 100.1 282            
Undergraduate diploma 0.6 20.5 73.3 4.7 0.9 - - - 100.0 337            
Advanced degree (masters, doctorate) - - 86.1 11.1 - - - 2.8 100.0 36            
Unclear - - 100.0 - - - - - 100.0 1            
Other - 50.0 50.0 - - - - - 100.0 2            
               
Income Under 20000CNY 0.6 22.8 71.5 3.8 1.3       100.0 158            
20001-40000CNY 0.8 23.2 73.6 2.0     0.4   100.0 246            
40001-60000CNY 1.1 22.3 75.4 0.6       0.6 100.0 175            
60001-80000CNY 1.0 21.6 74.5   2.0     1.0 100.1 102            
80001-100000CNY 1.4 20.3 74.3 4.1         100.1 74            
100001-150000CNY   19.5 74.4 6.1         100.0 82            
150001-300000CNY   13.3 71.1 11.1 2.2 2.2     99.9 45            
300001CNY or more   5.0 95.0           100.0 20            
Refuse   21.7 75.0 1.7       1.7 100.1 60            
DK   13.2 84.2 2.6         100.0 38            
                                   
Q8 There are all sorts of attitudes toward life.                                 
Which one of the following statements would you say comes closest to your way of life? SINGLE RESPONSE                    
                                   
1 Lead an honest and ethical life                                
2 Make a social commitment by being active in volunteer work                              
3 Work hard and get rich                                  
4 Make a name for yourself by studying earnestly                                
5 Don't think about money or fame; just live a life that suits your own taste                            
6 Live each day as it comes, cheerfully and without worrying                                
8 Other                                  
9 DK                                  
                                   
                                   
    1 2 3 4 5 6 8 9 Total N            
                                 
Total 37.0 12.9 9.7 3.0 22.4 14.5 0.3 0.2 100.0 1000            
                               
Gender Male 35.2 10.9 12.1 3.8 21.1 16.2 0.6 0.2 100.1 506            
Female 38.9 15.0 7.3 2.2 23.7 12.8 - 0.2 100.1 494            
                               
Age Grope 18-24 21.0 11.0 15.0 4.0 34.0 14.0 1.0 - 100.0 100            
25-29 30.3 8.5 13.3 3.2 25.5 18.1 0.5 0.5 99.9 188            
30-34 23.7 11.9 12.7 3.4 33.1 15.3 - - 100.1 118            
35-39 37.2 16.0 10.6 3.2 22.3 10.6 - - 99.9 94            
40-44 38.2 12.4 10.1 1.1 21.3 16.9 - - 100.0 89            
45-49 45.9 12.8 7.3 3.7 18.3 11.9 - - 99.9 109            
50-54 46.3 16.4 6.0 1.5 19.4 10.4 - - 100.0 67            
55-59 54.9 16.5 5.5 3.3 9.9 9.9 - - 100.0 91            
60-64 50.7 8.2 5.5 2.7 16.4 16.4 - - 99.9 73            
65-69 25.8 32.3 - 6.5 16.1 16.1 - 3.2 100.0 31            
70 or Older 47.5 15.0 5.0 - 10.0 20.0 2.5 - 100.0 40            
                               
Male by Age Grope 18-24 23.6 5.5 14.5 5.5 36.4 12.7 1.8 - 100.0 55            
25-29 24.0 8.3 19.8 5.2 20.8 19.8 1.0 1.0 99.9 96            
30-34 18.8 9.4 20.3 4.7 28.1 18.8 - - 100.1 64            
35-39 36.4 15.9 2.3 4.5 27.3 13.6 - - 100.0 44            
40-44 35.7 11.9 14.3 - 14.3 23.8 - - 100.0 42            
45-49 46.7 6.7 6.7 5.0 21.7 13.3 - - 100.1 60            
50-54 44.8 17.2 6.9 3.4 13.8 13.8 - - 99.9 29            
55-59 54.2 18.8 6.3 2.1 10.4 8.3 - - 100.1 48            
60-64 52.9 5.9 8.8 2.9 11.8 17.6 - - 99.9 34            
65-69 21.4 35.7 - - 21.4 21.4 - - 99.9 14            
70 or Older 55.0 5.0 10.0 - 10.0 15.0 5.0 - 100.0 20            
                               
Female byAge Grope 18-24 17.8 17.8 15.6 2.2 31.1 15.6 - - 100.1 45            
25-29 37.0 8.7 6.5 1.1 30.4 16.3 - - 100.0 92            
30-34 29.6 14.8 3.7 1.9 38.9 11.1 - - 100.0 54            
35-39 38.0 16.0 18.0 2.0 18.0 8.0 - - 100.0 50            
40-44 40.4 12.8 6.4 2.1 27.7 10.6 - - 100.0 47            
45-49 44.9 20.4 8.2 2.0 14.3 10.2 - - 100.0 49            
50-54 47.4 15.8 5.3 - 23.7 7.9 - - 100.1 38            
55-59 55.8 14.0 4.7 4.7 9.3 11.6 - - 100.1 43            
60-64 48.7 10.3 2.6 2.6 20.5 15.4 - - 100.1 39            
65-69 29.4 29.4 - 11.8 11.8 11.8 - 5.9 100.1 17            
70 or Older 40.0 25.0 - - 10.0 25.0 - - 100.0 20            
                               
Education 1 year or less 52.6 15.8 5.3 - 10.5 10.5 - 5.3 100.0 19            
Elementary school 48.4 10.9 10.9 4.7 7.8 17.2 - - 99.9 64            
Junior high school 42.9 14.7 10.8 1.5 15.4 14.7 - - 100.0 259            
High school 38.3 13.5 8.2 5.0 20.6 13.8 0.7 - 100.1 282            
Undergraduate diploma 30.9 11.0 10.1 2.7 31.2 14.2 - - 100.1 337            
Advanced degree (masters, doctorate) 11.1 16.7 11.1 - 36.1 19.4 2.8 2.8 100.0 36            
Unclear - - - - 100.0 - - - 100.0 1            
Other 100.0 - - - - - - - 100.0 2            
                               
Income 20000CNY 45.6 12.7 8.2 1.9 18.4 13.3 - - 100.1 158            
20001-40000CNY 39.0 10.2 10.6 2.8 22.0 15.0 0.4 - 100.0 246            
40001-60000CNY 36.6 15.4 9.7 2.9 22.3 13.1 - - 100.0 175            
60001-80000CNY 35.3 12.7 14.7 4.9 18.6 13.7 - - 99.9 102            
80001-100000CNY 28.4 13.5 6.8 5.4 29.7 16.2 - - 100.0 74            
100001-150000CNY 31.7 13.4 7.3 2.4 26.8 18.3 - - 99.9 82            
150001-300000CNY 26.7 15.6 13.3 6.7 24.4 13.3 - - 100.0 45            
300001CNY or more 25.0 25.0 15.0 5.0 15.0 15.0 - - 100.0 20            
Refused 48.3 11.7 6.7 - 20.0 11.7 - 1.7 100.1 60            
DK 23.7 10.5 5.3 - 34.2 18.4 5.3 2.6 100.0 38            
                                   
                                   
Q9 How do you feel about each of the following traditional values?                              
a. We should respect our ancestors                                
                                   
1 Strongly Agree                                  
2 Agree                                  
3 Disagree                                  
4 Strongly Disagree                                  
8 Other                                  
9 DK                                  
                                   
                                   
    1 2 3 4 8 9 Total N                
                                 
Total 54.5 44.6 0.7 - 0.2 - 100.0 1000                
                               
Gender Male 57.1 42.3 0.4 - 0.2 - 100.0 506                
Female 51.8 47.0 1.0 - 0.2 - 100.0 494                
                               
Age Grope 18-24 52.0 47.0 1.0 - - - 100.0 100                
25-29 50.5 48.9 0.5 - - - 99.9 188                
30-34 57.6 40.7 1.7 - - - 100.0 118                
35-39 54.3 45.7 - - - - 100.0 94                
40-44 48.3 51.7 - - - - 100.0 89                
45-49 54.1 45.9 - - - - 100.0 109                
50-54 50.7 43.3 4.5 - 1.5 - 100.0 67                
55-59 58.2 41.8 - - - - 100.0 91                
60-64 65.8 34.2 - - - - 100.0 73                
65-69 58.1 41.9 - - - - 100.0 31                
70 or Older 60.0 37.5 - - 2.5 - 100.0 40                
                               
Male by Age Grope 18-24 47.3 50.9 1.8 - - - 100.0 55                
25-29 56.3 43.8 - - - - 100.1 96                
30-34 65.6 34.4 - - - - 100.0 64                
35-39 54.5 45.5 - - - - 100.0 44                
40-44 57.1 42.9 - - - - 100.0 42                
45-49 48.3 51.7 - - - - 100.0 60                
50-54 55.2 41.4 3.4 - - - 100.0 29                
55-59 58.3 41.7 - - - - 100.0 48                
60-64 73.5 26.5 - - - - 100.0 34                
65-69 64.3 35.7 - - - - 100.0 14                
70 or Older 60.0 35.0 - - 5.0 - 100.0 20                
                               
Female byAge Grope 18-24 57.8 42.2 - - - - 100.0 45                
25-29 44.6 54.3 1.1 - - - 100.0 92                
30-34 48.1 48.1 3.7 - - - 99.9 54                
35-39 54.0 46.0 - - - - 100.0 50                
40-44 40.4 59.6 - - - - 100.0 47                
45-49 61.2 38.8 - - - - 100.0 49                
50-54 47.4 44.7 5.3 - 2.6 - 100.0 38                
55-59 58.1 41.9 - - - - 100.0 43                
60-64 59.0 41.0 - - - - 100.0 39                
65-69 52.9 47.1 - - - - 100.0 17                
70 or Older 60.0 40.0 - - - - 100.0 20                
                               
Education 1 year or less 52.6 47.4 - - - - 100.0 19                
Elementary school 62.5 35.9 1.6 - - - 100.0 64                
Junior high school 57.9 42.1 - - - - 100.0 259                
High school 51.8 46.8 1.1 - 0.4 - 100.1 282                
Undergraduate diploma 51.6 47.2 0.9 - 0.3 - 100.0 337                
Advanced degree (masters, doctorate) 63.9 36.1 - - - - 100.0 36                
Unclear 100.0 - - - - - 100.0 1                
Other 50.0 50.0 - - - - 100.0 2                
                               
Income 20000CNY 56.3 41.1 1.9 - 0.6 - 99.9 158                
20001-40000CNY 55.3 44.7 - - - - 100.0 246                
40001-60000CNY 57.7 42.3 - - - - 100.0 175                
60001-80000CNY 61.8 37.3 1.0 - - - 100.1 102                
80001-100000CNY 43.2 55.4 1.4 - - - 100.0 74                
100001-150000CNY 36.6 62.2 1.2 - - - 100.0 82                
150001-300000CNY 53.3 44.4 2.2 - - - 99.9 45                
300001CNY or more 60.0 35.0 - - 5.0 - 100.0 20                
Refused 63.3 36.7 - - - - 100.0 60                
DK 52.6 47.4 - - - - 100.0 38                
                                   
                                   
Q9 How do you feel about each of the following traditional values?                              
b. The eldest son should look after his aging parents                                
                                   
1 Strongly Agree                                  
2 Agree                                  
3 Disagree                                  
4 Strongly Disagree                                  
8 Other                                  
9 DK                                  
                                   
                                   
    1 2 3 4 8 9 Total N                
                                 
Total 30.9 46.0 19.9 0.5 2.4 0.3 100.0 1000                
                               
Gender Male 33.2 45.1 18.4 0.6 2.6 0.2 100.1 506                
Female 28.5 47.0 21.5 0.4 2.2 0.4 100.0 494                
                               
Age Grope 18-24 39.0 34.0 23.0 1.0 3.0 - 100.0 100                
25-29 22.9 46.8 25.5 1.6 2.7 0.5 100.0 188                
30-34 23.7 46.6 28.0 - 1.7 - 100.0 118                
35-39 27.7 53.2 18.1 - - 1.1 100.1 94                
40-44 27.0 50.6 20.2 - 2.2 - 100.0 89                
45-49 33.9 44.0 19.3 - 2.8 - 100.0 109                
50-54 31.3 43.3 22.4 - 3.0 - 100.0 67                
55-59 36.3 45.1 12.1 1.1 4.4 1.1 100.1 91                
60-64 46.6 43.8 8.2 - 1.4 - 100.0 73                
65-69 35.5 48.4 12.9 - 3.2 - 100.0 31                
70 or Older 32.5 57.5 7.5 - 2.5 - 100.0 40                
                               
Male by Age Grope 18-24 40.0 34.5 18.2 1.8 5.5 - 100.0 55                
25-29 22.9 45.8 26.0 2.1 3.1 - 99.9 96                
30-34 31.3 43.8 25.0 - - - 100.1 64                
35-39 22.7 56.8 18.2 - - 2.3 100.0 44                
40-44 35.7 47.6 16.7 - - - 100.0 42                
45-49 33.3 46.7 18.3 - 1.7 - 100.0 60                
50-54 34.5 44.8 17.2 - 3.4 - 99.9 29                
55-59 39.6 37.5 14.6 - 8.3 - 100.0 48                
60-64 50.0 47.1 2.9 - - - 100.0 34                
65-69 42.9 50.0 7.1 - - - 100.0 14                
70 or Older 35.0 50.0 10.0 - 5.0 - 100.0 20                
                               
Female byAge Grope 18-24 37.8 33.3 28.9 - - - 100.0 45                
25-29 22.8 47.8 25.0 1.1 2.2 1.1 100.0 92                
30-34 14.8 50.0 31.5 - 3.7 - 100.0 54                
35-39 32.0 50.0 18.0 - - - 100.0 50                
40-44 19.1 53.2 23.4 - 4.3 - 100.0 47                
45-49 34.7 40.8 20.4 - 4.1 - 100.0 49                
50-54 28.9 42.1 26.3 - 2.6 - 99.9 38                
55-59 32.6 53.5 9.3 2.3 - 2.3 100.0 43                
60-64 43.6 41.0 12.8 - 2.6 - 100.0 39                
65-69 29.4 47.1 17.6 - 5.9 - 100.0 17                
70 or Older 30.0 65.0 5.0 - - - 100.0 20                
                               
Education 1 year or less 31.6 63.2 5.3 - - - 100.1 19                
Elementary school 46.9 45.3 7.8 - - - 100.0 64                
Junior high school 33.6 48.3 15.4 - 1.9 0.8 100.0 259                
High school 33.3 40.1 23.4 0.7 2.1 0.4 100.0 282                
Undergraduate diploma 25.5 47.5 22.3 0.9 3.9 - 100.1 337                
Advanced degree (masters, doctorate) 13.9 52.8 33.3 - - - 100.0 36                
Unclear 100.0 - - - - - 100.0 1                
Other - 100.0 - - - - 100.0 2                
                               
Income 20000CNY 40.5 39.9 15.8 - 2.5 1.3 100.0 158                
20001-40000CNY 34.1 47.6 15.0 0.8 2.0 0.4 99.9 246                
40001-60000CNY 36.0 47.4 13.7 0.6 2.3 - 100.0 175                
60001-80000CNY 22.5 43.1 31.4 1.0 2.0 - 100.0 102                
80001-100000CNY 24.3 45.9 27.0 - 2.7 - 99.9 74                
100001-150000CNY 14.6 52.4 29.3 - 3.7 - 100.0 82                
150001-300000CNY 31.1 33.3 33.3 2.2 - - 99.9 45                
300001CNY or more 10.0 70.0 20.0 - - - 100.0 20                
Refused 26.7 43.3 26.7 - 3.3 - 100.0 60                
DK 34.2 55.3 5.3 - 5.3 - 100.1 38                
                                   
                                   
Q9 How do you feel about each of the following traditional values?                              
c. A wife should obey her husband                                
                                   
1 Strongly Agree                                  
2 Agree                                  
3 Disagree                                  
4 Strongly Disagree                                  
8 Other                                  
9 DK                                  
                                   
    1 2 3 4 8 9 Total N                
                                 
Total 6.7 26.6 58.7 4.9 2.7 0.4 100.0 1000                
            0.0                  
Gender Male 7.5 31.0 54.7 3.2 3.2 0.4 100.0 506                
Female 5.9 22.1 62.8 6.7 2.2 0.4 100.1 494                
                               
Age Grope 18-24 6.0 31.0 52.0 5.0 5.0 1.0 100.0 100                
25-29 3.7 25.0 63.8 5.9 1.6 - 100.0 188                
30-34 2.5 28.8 59.3 6.8 1.7 0.8 99.9 118                
35-39 6.4 25.5 63.8 2.1 2.1 - 99.9 94                
40-44 7.9 20.2 66.3 4.5 1.1 - 100.0 89                
45-49 8.3 27.5 58.7 3.7 0.9 0.9 100.0 109                
50-54 3.0 25.4 65.7 6.0 - - 100.1 67                
55-59 13.2 28.6 47.3 4.4 5.5 1.1 100.1 91                
60-64 8.2 34.2 50.7 4.1 2.7 - 99.9 73                
65-69 9.7 16.1 58.1 3.2 12.9 - 100.0 31                
70 or Older 15.0 22.5 50.0 7.5 5.0 - 100.0 40                
                               
Male by Age Grope 18-24 10.9 38.2 36.4 3.6 9.1 1.8 100.0 55                
25-29 5.2 34.4 55.2 2.1 3.1 - 100.0 96                
30-34 4.7 28.1 62.5 3.1 - 1.6 100.0 64                
35-39 2.3 25.0 68.2 2.3 2.3 - 100.1 44                
40-44 9.5 31.0 54.8 2.4 2.4 - 100.1 42                
45-49 8.3 33.3 51.7 5.0 1.7 - 100.0 60                
50-54 3.4 20.7 75.9 - - - 100.0 29                
55-59 10.4 35.4 45.8 2.1 6.3 - 100.0 48                
60-64 11.8 29.4 50.0 5.9 2.9 - 100.0 34                
65-69 14.3 7.1 71.4 - 7.1 - 99.9 14                
70 or Older 10.0 35.0 45.0 10.0 - - 100.0 20                
                               
Female byAge Grope 18-24 - 22.2 71.1 6.7 - - 100.0 45                
25-29 2.2 15.2 72.8 9.8 - - 100.0 92                
30-34 - 29.6 55.6 11.1 3.7 - 100.0 54                
35-39 10.0 26.0 60.0 2.0 2.0 - 100.0 50                
40-44 6.4 10.6 76.6 6.4 - - 100.0 47                
45-49 8.2 20.4 67.3 2.0 - 2.0 99.9 49                
50-54 2.6 28.9 57.9 10.5 - - 99.9 38                
55-59 16.3 20.9 48.8 7.0 4.7 2.3 100.0 43                
60-64 5.1 38.5 51.3 2.6 2.6 - 100.1 39                
65-69 5.9 23.5 47.1 5.9 17.6 - 100.0 17                
70 or Older 20.0 10.0 55.0 5.0 10.0 - 100.0 20                
                               
Education 1 year or less 15.8 52.6 31.6 - - - 100.0 19                
Elementary school 20.3 31.3 39.1 4.7 4.7 - 100.1 64                
Junior high school 9.3 29.3 52.1 5.8 2.7 0.8 100.0 259                
High school 6.4 24.8 60.3 5.7 2.5 0.4 100.1 282                
Undergraduate diploma 2.7 24.0 66.2 4.2 3.0 - 100.1 337                
Advanced degree (masters, doctorate) - 19.4 75.0 2.8 - 2.8 100.0 36                
Unclear - - 100.0 - - - 100.0 1                
Other - 100.0 - - - - 100.0 2                
                               
Income 20000CNY 9.5 29.1 50.0 7.0 3.8 0.6 100.0 158                
20001-40000CNY 6.5 25.2 60.6 4.5 2.8 0.4 100.0 246                
40001-60000CNY 8.0 30.3 54.9 4.0 2.9 - 100.1 175                
60001-80000CNY 2.9 23.5 67.6 2.9 2.0 1.0 99.9 102                
80001-100000CNY 8.1 14.9 67.6 5.4 4.1 - 100.1 74                
100001-150000CNY 2.4 24.4 68.3 4.9 - - 100.0 82                
150001-300000CNY 4.4 26.7 55.6 11.1 2.2 - 100.0 45                
300001CNY or more - 35.0 55.0 10.0 - - 100.0 20                
Refused 8.3 23.3 61.7 3.3 1.7 1.7 100.0 60                
DK 10.5 44.7 39.5 - 5.3 - 100.0 38                
                                   
                                   
Q9 How do you feel about each of the following traditional values?                              
d. Not to marry someone whom your parents object to                                
                                   
1 Strongly Agree                                  
2 Agree                                  
3 Disagree                                  
4 Strongly Disagree                                  
8 Other                                  
9 DK                                  
                                   
    1 2 3 4 8 9 Total N                
                                 
Total 2.0 8.8 76.9 11.3 0.9 0.1 100.0 1000                
                               
Gender Male 2.2 8.9 76.9 10.9 1.2 - 100.1 506                
Female 1.8 8.7 76.9 11.7 0.6 0.2 99.9 494                
                               
Age Grope 18-24 3.0 10.0 70.0 16.0 1.0 - 100.0 100                
25-29 2.1 6.4 78.7 12.2 0.5 - 99.9 188                
30-34 - 5.9 82.2 11.9 - - 100.0 118                
35-39 2.1 11.7 75.5 9.6 1.1 - 100.0 94                
40-44 1.1 12.4 78.7 7.9 - - 100.1 89                
45-49 - 8.3 78.9 11.9 0.9 - 100.0 109                
50-54 1.5 10.4 77.6 10.4 - - 99.9 67                
55-59 5.5 4.4 75.8 9.9 3.3 1.1 100.0 91                
60-64 1.4 15.1 76.7 6.8 - - 100.0 73                
65-69 - 6.5 74.2 16.1 3.2 - 100.0 31                
70 or Older 7.5 10.0 67.5 12.5 2.5 - 100.0 40                
                               
Male by Age Grope 18-24 3.6 12.7 65.5 16.4 1.8 - 100.0 55                
25-29 4.2 4.2 79.2 12.5 - - 100.1 96                
30-34 - 4.7 85.9 9.4 - - 100.0 64                
35-39 - 11.4 75.0 11.4 2.3 - 100.1 44                
40-44 2.4 16.7 73.8 7.1 - - 100.0 42                
45-49 - 8.3 76.7 13.3 1.7 - 100.0 60                
50-54 - 13.8 79.3 6.9 - - 100.0 29                
55-59 4.2 6.3 77.1 6.3 6.3 - 100.2 48                
60-64 2.9 14.7 76.5 5.9 - - 100.0 34                
65-69 - - 85.7 14.3 - - 100.0 14                
70 or Older 5.0 10.0 70.0 15.0 - - 100.0 20                
                               
Female byAge Grope 18-24 2.2 6.7 75.6 15.6 - - 100.1 45                
25-29 - 8.7 78.3 12.0 1.1 - 100.1 92                
30-34 - 7.4 77.8 14.8 - - 100.0 54                
35-39 4.0 12.0 76.0 8.0 - - 100.0 50                
40-44 - 8.5 83.0 8.5 - - 100.0 47                
45-49 - 8.2 81.6 10.2 - - 100.0 49                
50-54 2.6 7.9 76.3 13.2 - - 100.0 38                
55-59 7.0 2.3 74.4 14.0 - 2.3 100.0 43                
60-64 - 15.4 76.9 7.7 - - 100.0 39                
65-69 - 11.8 64.7 17.6 5.9 - 100.0 17                
70 or Older 10.0 10.0 65.0 10.0 5.0 - 100.0 20                
                               
Education 1 year or less - 26.3 57.9 15.8 - - 100.0 19                
Elementary school 7.8 14.1 71.9 4.7 1.6 - 100.1 64                
Junior high school 3.1 10.4 74.1 11.2 0.8 0.4 100.0 259                
High school 2.5 7.4 78.0 11.3 0.7 - 99.9 282                
Undergraduate diploma - 7.4 80.1 11.6 0.9 - 100.0 337                
Advanced degree (masters, doctorate) - 2.8 77.8 16.7 2.8 - 100.1 36                
Unclear - - 100.0 - - - 100.0 1                
Other - - 50.0 50.0 - - 100.0 2                
                               
Income 20000CNY 7.6 9.5 70.3 10.8 1.3 0.6 100.1 158                
20001-40000CNY 0.8 9.8 79.3 10.2 - - 100.1 246                
40001-60000CNY 2.9 7.4 77.7 11.4 0.6 - 100.0 175                
60001-80000CNY 1.0 4.9 85.3 7.8 1.0 - 100.0 102                
80001-100000CNY - 9.5 67.6 20.3 2.7 - 100.1 74                
100001-150000CNY - 3.7 82.9 13.4 - - 100.0 82                
150001-300000CNY - 15.6 66.7 15.6 2.2 - 100.1 45                
300001CNY or more - 10.0 75.0 15.0 - - 100.0 20                
Refused - 5.0 86.7 6.7 1.7 - 100.1 60                
DK - 23.7 65.8 7.9 2.6 - 100.0 38                
                                   
                                   
Q9 How do you feel about each of the following traditional values?                              
e. We should obey older people                                
                                   
1 Strongly Agree                                  
2 Agree                                  
3 Disagree                                  
4 Strongly Disagree                                  
8 Other                                  
9 DK                                  
                                   
                                   
    1 2 3 4 8 9 Total N                
                                 
Total 7.6 53.4 32.6 0.9 5.2 0.3 100.0 1000                
                               
Gender Male 7.1 55.5 31.2 1.0 4.9 0.2 99.9 506                
Female 8.1 51.2 34.0 0.8 5.5 0.4 100.0 494                
                               
Age Grope 18-24 6.0 61.0 28.0 2.0 2.0 1.0 100.0 100                
25-29 6.4 50.5 34.0 1.1 8.0 - 100.0 188                
30-34 1.7 51.7 40.7 0.8 4.2 0.8 99.9 118                
35-39 10.6 53.2 30.9 - 5.3 - 100.0 94                
40-44 7.9 52.8 30.3 - 9.0 - 100.0 89                
45-49 6.4 56.0 33.9 0.9 2.8 - 100.0 109                
50-54 13.4 52.2 31.3 3.0 - - 99.9 67                
55-59 13.2 52.7 25.3 - 8.8 - 100.0 91                
60-64 4.1 61.6 31.5 1.4 - 1.4 100.0 73                
65-69 6.5 41.9 45.2 - 6.5 - 100.1 31                
70 or Older 15.0 45.0 30.0 - 10.0 - 100.0 40                
                               
Male by Age Grope 18-24 3.6 69.1 20.0 3.6 3.6 - 99.9 55                
25-29 5.2 55.2 28.1 1.0 10.4 - 99.9 96                
30-34 1.6 57.8 34.4 1.6 3.1 1.6 100.1 64                
35-39 9.1 61.4 27.3 - 2.3 - 100.1 44                
40-44 11.9 52.4 28.6 - 7.1 - 100.0 42                
45-49 5.0 50.0 41.7 1.7 1.7 - 100.1 60                
50-54 17.2 51.7 31.0 - - - 99.9 29                
55-59 10.4 54.2 25.0 - 10.4 - 100.0 48                
60-64 5.9 61.8 32.4 - - - 100.1 34                
65-69 7.1 35.7 57.1 - - - 99.9 14                
70 or Older 15.0 35.0 45.0 - 5.0 - 100.0 20                
                               
Female byAge Grope 18-24 8.9 51.1 37.8 - - 2.2 100.0 45                
25-29 7.6 45.7 40.2 1.1 5.4 - 100.0 92                
30-34 1.9 44.4 48.1 - 5.6 - 100.0 54                
35-39 12.0 46.0 34.0 - 8.0 - 100.0 50                
40-44 4.3 53.2 31.9 - 10.6 - 100.0 47                
45-49 8.2 63.3 24.5 - 4.1 - 100.1 49                
50-54 10.5 52.6 31.6 5.3 - - 100.0 38                
55-59 16.3 51.2 25.6 - 7.0 - 100.1 43                
60-64 2.6 61.5 30.8 2.6 - 2.6 100.1 39                
65-69 5.9 47.1 35.3 - 11.8 - 100.1 17                
70 or Older 15.0 55.0 15.0 - 15.0 - 100.0 20                
                               
Education 1 year or less 15.8 57.9 21.1 - 5.3 - 100.1 19                
Elementary school 14.1 64.1 15.6 - 4.7 1.6 100.1 64                
Junior high school 9.3 58.3 28.2 0.4 3.9 - 100.1 259                
High school 8.9 54.3 30.5 2.1 3.5 0.7 100.0 282                
Undergraduate diploma 3.3 47.5 40.7 0.6 8.0 - 100.1 337                
Advanced degree (masters, doctorate) 8.3 44.4 44.4 - 2.8 - 99.9 36                
Unclear - 100.0 - - - - 100.0 1                
Other 50.0 50.0 - - - - 100.0 2                
                               
Income 20000CNY 12.7 55.7 22.2 1.3 8.2 - 100.1 158                
20001-40000CNY 6.9 56.5 31.3 0.4 4.9 - 100.0 246                
40001-60000CNY 5.7 56.6 30.9 1.1 5.1 0.6 100.0 175                
60001-80000CNY 5.9 49.0 39.2 2.0 3.9 - 100.0 102                
80001-100000CNY 9.5 39.2 45.9 - 5.4 - 100.0 74                
100001-150000CNY 2.4 50.0 41.5 1.2 2.4 2.4 99.9 82                
150001-300000CNY 8.9 55.6 28.9 2.2 4.4 - 100.0 45                
300001CNY or more 5.0 45.0 45.0 - 5.0 - 100.0 20                
Refused 11.7 43.3 40.0 - 5.0 - 100.0 60                
DK 5.3 73.7 15.8 - 5.3 - 100.1 38                
                                   
                                   
Q9 How do you feel about each of the following traditional values?                              
f. It is important to have a son to keep our family line going                                
                                   
1 Strongly Agree                                  
2 Agree                                  
3 Disagree                                  
4 Strongly Disagree                                  
8 Other                                  
9 DK                                  
                                   
                                   
    1 2 3 4 8 9 Total N                
                             
Total 4.7 26.0 61.5 6.2 1.2 0.4 100.0 1000                
            0.0                  
Gender Male 5.5 32.6 56.3 4.3 0.8 0.4 99.9 506                
Female 3.8 19.2 66.8 8.1 1.6 0.4 99.9 494                
                               
Age Grope 18-24 4.0 30.0 59.0 5.0 - 2.0 100.0 100                
25-29 3.2 20.7 68.6 6.4 1.1 - 100.0 188                
30-34 0.8 19.5 69.5 10.2 - - 100.0 118                
35-39 5.3 25.5 61.7 4.3 3.2 - 100.0 94                
40-44 4.5 16.9 69.7 6.7 2.2 - 100.0 89                
45-49 5.5 30.3 58.7 5.5 - - 100.0 109                
50-54 4.5 37.3 49.3 7.5 1.5 - 100.1 67                
55-59 13.2 33.0 45.1 6.6 1.1 1.1 100.1 91                
60-64 1.4 32.9 57.5 5.5 1.4 1.4 100.1 73                
65-69 6.5 22.6 67.7 - 3.2 - 100.0 31                
70 or Older 7.5 25.0 60.0 5.0 2.5 - 100.0 40                
                               
Male by Age Grope 18-24 3.6 41.8 47.3 5.5 - 1.8 100.0 55                
25-29 5.2 27.1 61.5 4.2 2.1 - 100.1 96                
30-34 1.6 26.6 65.6 6.3 - - 100.1 64                
35-39 2.3 31.8 65.9 - - - 100.0 44                
40-44 9.5 26.2 57.1 4.8 2.4 - 100.0 42                
45-49 5.0 41.7 50.0 3.3 - - 100.0 60                
50-54 6.9 41.4 51.7 - - - 100.0 29                
55-59 10.4 33.3 43.8 10.4 2.1 - 100.0 48                
60-64 2.9 38.2 52.9 2.9 - 2.9 99.8 34                
65-69 14.3 14.3 71.4 - - - 100.0 14                
70 or Older 10.0 30.0 55.0 5.0 - - 100.0 20                
                               
Female byAge Grope 18-24 4.4 15.6 73.3 4.4 - 2.2 99.9 45                
25-29 1.1 14.1 76.1 8.7 - - 100.0 92                
30-34 - 11.1 74.1 14.8 - - 100.0 54                
35-39 8.0 20.0 58.0 8.0 6.0 - 100.0 50                
40-44 - 8.5 80.9 8.5 2.1 - 100.0 47                
45-49 6.1 16.3 69.4 8.2 - - 100.0 49                
50-54 2.6 34.2 47.4 13.2 2.6 - 100.0 38                
55-59 16.3 32.6 46.5 2.3 - 2.3 100.0 43                
60-64 - 28.2 61.5 7.7 2.6 - 100.0 39                
65-69 - 29.4 64.7 - 5.9 - 100.0 17                
70 or Older 5.0 20.0 65.0 5.0 5.0 - 100.0 20                
                               
Education 1 year or less 5.3 42.1 42.1 10.5 - - 100.0 19                
Elementary school 9.4 35.9 50.0 3.1 1.6 - 100.0 64                
Junior high school 5.4 30.5 56.4 6.2 0.8 0.8 100.1 259                
High school 6.4 25.2 61.3 5.0 1.8 0.4 100.1 282                
Undergraduate diploma 2.4 22.0 65.9 8.3 1.2 0.3 100.1 337                
Advanced degree (masters, doctorate) - 11.1 88.9 - - - 100.0 36                
Unclear - - 100.0 - - - 100.0 1                
Other - 50.0 50.0 - - - 100.0 2                
                               
Income 20000CNY 5.7 28.5 54.4 7.6 3.2 0.6 100.0 158                
20001-40000CNY 4.5 33.3 55.3 5.3 0.8 0.8 100.0 246                
40001-60000CNY 8.0 22.3 63.4 5.1 1.1 - 99.9 175                
60001-80000CNY 2.0 29.4 62.7 4.9 - 1.0 100.0 102                
80001-100000CNY 2.7 16.2 71.6 9.5 - - 100.0 74                
100001-150000CNY 3.7 14.6 73.2 7.3 1.2 - 100.0 82                
150001-300000CNY 4.4 24.4 62.2 8.9 - - 99.9 45                
300001CNY or more - 40.0 55.0 5.0 - - 100.0 20                
Refused 1.7 15.0 71.7 8.3 3.3 - 100.0 60                
DK 7.9 31.6 60.5 - - - 100.0 38                
                                   
                                   
Q9 How do you feel about each of the following traditional values?                              
g. Men should work outside and women should tend to housekeeping                              
                                   
1 Strongly Agree                                  
2 Agree                                  
3 Disagree                                  
4 Strongly Disagree                                  
8 Other                                  
9 DK                                  
                                   
                                   
    1 2 3 4 8 9 Total N                
                             
Total 4.8 25.5 61.8 6.3 1.5 0.1 100.0 1000                
               
Gender Male 4.9 29.1 59.9 4.3 1.8 - 100.0 506
Female 4.7 21.9 63.8 8.3 1.2 0.2 100.1 494
               
Age Grope 18-24 5.0 24.0 62.0 9.0 - - 100.0 100
25-29 1.6 17.0 75.5 5.3 0.5 - 99.9 188
30-34 0.8 20.3 69.5 7.6 1.7 - 99.9 118
35-39 6.4 26.6 58.5 7.4 1.1 - 100.0 94
40-44 4.5 28.1 60.7 5.6 1.1 - 100.0 89
45-49 4.6 29.4 60.6 4.6 0.9 - 100.1 109
50-54 6.0 23.9 58.2 10.4 1.5 - 100.0 67
55-59 9.9 34.1 48.4 2.2 4.4 1.1 100.1 91
60-64 2.7 38.4 49.3 6.8 2.7 - 99.9 73
65-69 12.9 29.0 48.4 9.7 - - 100.0 31
70 or Older 12.5 22.5 57.5 2.5 5.0 - 100.0 40
               
Male by Age Grope 18-24 7.3 32.7 50.9 9.1 - - 100.0 55
25-29 2.1 20.8 74.0 2.1 1.0 - 100.0 96
30-34 1.6 21.9 67.2 7.8 1.6 - 100.1 64
35-39 4.5 27.3 59.1 6.8 2.3 - 100.0 44
40-44 9.5 31.0 57.1 2.4 - - 100.0 42
45-49 3.3 35.0 60.0 - 1.7 - 100.0 60
50-54 - 24.1 65.5 6.9 3.4 - 99.9 29
55-59 8.3 41.7 43.8 2.1 4.2 - 100.1 48
60-64 5.9 38.2 52.9 - 2.9 - 99.9 34
65-69 14.3 21.4 50.0 14.3 - - 100.0 14
70 or Older 10.0 30.0 50.0 5.0 5.0 - 100.0 20
               
Female byAge Grope 18-24 2.2 13.3 75.6 8.9 - - 100.0 45
25-29 1.1 13.0 77.2 8.7 - - 100.0 92
30-34 - 18.5 72.2 7.4 1.9 - 100.0 54
35-39 8.0 26.0 58.0 8.0 - - 100.0 50
40-44 - 25.5 63.8 8.5 2.1 - 99.9 47
45-49 6.1 22.4 61.2 10.2 - - 99.9 49
50-54 10.5 23.7 52.6 13.2 - - 100.0 38
55-59 11.6 25.6 53.5 2.3 4.7 2.3 100.0 43
60-64 - 38.5 46.2 12.8 2.6 - 100.1 39
65-69 11.8 35.3 47.1 5.9 - - 100.1 17
70 or Older 15.0 15.0 65.0 - 5.0 - 100.0 20
               
Education 1 year or less 10.5 57.9 21.1 10.5 - - 100.0 19
Elementary school 9.4 48.4 39.1 1.6 1.6 - 100.1 64
Junior high school 5.4 29.7 57.1 5.4 1.9 0.4 99.9 259
High school 7.1 22.7 58.9 9.2 2.1 - 100.0 282
Undergraduate diploma 1.5 19.6 72.7 5.3 0.9 - 100.0 337
Advanced degree (masters, doctorate) 2.8 13.9 77.8 5.6 - - 100.1 36
Unclear - - 100.0 - - - 100.0 1
Other - 50.0 50.0 - - - 100.0 2
               
Income 20000CNY 8.9 31.6 50.0 6.3 2.5 0.6 99.9 158
20001-40000CNY 4.9 29.3 59.8 4.9 1.2 - 100.1 246
40001-60000CNY 5.1 24.6 60.0 8.6 1.7 - 100.0 175
60001-80000CNY 2.0 21.6 69.6 5.9 1.0 - 100.1 102
80001-100000CNY 2.7 14.9 74.3 6.8 1.4 - 100.1 74
100001-150000CNY 2.4 15.9 74.4 7.3 - - 100.0 82
150001-300000CNY 2.2 22.2 68.9 6.7 - - 100.0 45
300001CNY or more 5.0 25.0 60.0 5.0 5.0 - 100.0 20
Refused 1.7 35.0 56.7 5.0 1.7 - 100.1 60
DK 10.5 21.1 60.5 5.3 2.6 - 100.0 38
Q11 Whether you have a job in a certain workplace or not, what qualifications should a good leader have in your workplace? 
Please choose the three most important qualifications from among the following: (3 multi-answers)
1 Technical competence
2 Fair in treating subordinates
3 Being liked and respected by subordinates
4 Serious attitudes toward work
5 Have many friends/acquaintances
6 Sincere in attitude toward co-workers
7 Decisive and determined
8 Good judgment
9 Ability to bring great benefits to subordinates
10 Seniority
11 Come fromgood family background
88 Other
99 DK
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 88 99 N
 
Total 51.9 55.4 22.2 28.7 19.1 35.6 18.5 26.3 39.6 1.1 1.4 0.1 - 1000    
                               
Gender Male 50.2 54.5 22.7 27.7 18.6 34.2 20.6 26.9 41.9 1.2 1.4 0.2 - 506    
Female 53.6 56.3 21.7 29.8 19.6 37.0 16.4 25.7 37.2 1.0 1.4 - - 494    
                               
Age Grope 18-24 37.0 52.0 22.0 34.0 29.0 37.0 19.0 35.0 32.0 3.0 - - - 100    
25-29 54.3 50.5 25.5 26.6 20.7 29.3 23.9 31.4 37.8 - - - - 188    
30-34 52.5 60.2 22.0 25.4 21.2 28.8 15.3 31.4 39.8 2.5 0.8 - - 118    
35-39 51.1 51.1 20.2 26.6 14.9 50.0 21.3 25.5 38.3 - 1.1 - - 94    
40-44 48.3 62.9 16.9 23.6 20.2 40.4 18.0 23.6 44.9 - 1.1 - - 89    
45-49 54.1 61.5 22.0 30.3 12.8 38.5 12.8 25.7 35.8 1.8 3.7 - - 109    
50-54 52.2 62.7 19.4 34.3 22.4 28.4 16.4 16.4 44.8 1.5 1.5 - - 67    
55-59 57.1 51.6 23.1 26.4 18.7 40.7 15.4 20.9 41.8 1.1 3.3 - - 91    
60-64 63.0 47.9 23.3 31.5 15.1 34.2 16.4 15.1 49.3 1.4 1.4 1.4 - 73    
65-69 64.5 54.8 32.3 35.5 - 25.8 29.0 16.1 38.7 - 3.2 - - 31    
70 or Older 37.5 60.0 17.5 32.5 22.5 40.0 17.5 32.5 37.5 - 2.5 - - 40    
                               
Male by Age Grope 18-24 34.5 47.3 23.6 32.7 23.6 34.5 25.5 40.0 36.4 1.8 - - - 55    
25-29 54.2 56.3 27.1 18.8 22.9 26.0 26.0 29.2 39.6 - - - - 96    
30-34 45.3 64.1 21.9 23.4 21.9 29.7 15.6 31.3 42.2 4.7 - - - 64    
35-39 40.9 52.3 22.7 27.3 15.9 50.0 25.0 25.0 40.9 - - - - 44    
40-44 54.8 54.8 14.3 23.8 21.4 40.5 19.0 23.8 45.2 - 2.4 - - 42    
45-49 63.3 60.0 13.3 35.0 15.0 38.3 10.0 25.0 36.7 - 3.3 - - 60    
50-54 51.7 58.6 24.1 37.9 24.1 34.5 17.2 10.3 41.4 - - - - 29    
55-59 56.3 52.1 27.1 20.8 10.4 37.5 14.6 27.1 50.0 2.1 2.1 - - 48    
60-64 58.8 35.3 23.5 38.2 8.8 29.4 23.5 14.7 58.8 2.9 2.9 2.9 - 34    
65-69 50.0 57.1 35.7 42.9 - 28.6 28.6 14.3 35.7 - 7.1 - - 14    
70 or Older 30.0 55.0 25.0 30.0 25.0 30.0 30.0 35.0 35.0 - 5.0 - - 20    
                               
Female byAge Grope 18-24 40.0 57.8 20.0 35.6 35.6 40.0 11.1 28.9 26.7 4.4 - - - 45    
25-29 54.3 44.6 23.9 34.8 18.5 32.6 21.7 33.7 35.9 - - - - 92    
30-34 61.1 55.6 22.2 27.8 20.4 27.8 14.8 31.5 37.0 - 1.9 - - 54    
35-39 60.0 50.0 18.0 26.0 14.0 50.0 18.0 26.0 36.0 - 2.0 - - 50    
40-44 42.6 70.2 19.1 23.4 19.1 40.4 17.0 23.4 44.7 - - - - 47    
45-49 42.9 63.3 32.7 24.5 10.2 38.8 16.3 26.5 34.7 4.1 4.1 - - 49    
50-54 52.6 65.8 15.8 31.6 21.1 23.7 15.8 21.1 47.4 2.6 2.6 - - 38    
55-59 58.1 51.2 18.6 32.6 27.9 44.2 16.3 14.0 32.6 - 4.7 - - 43    
60-64 66.7 59.0 23.1 25.6 20.5 38.5 10.3 15.4 41.0 - - - - 39    
65-69 76.5 52.9 29.4 29.4 - 23.5 29.4 17.6 41.2 - - - - 17    
70 or Older 45.0 65.0 10.0 35.0 20.0 50.0 5.0 30.0 40.0 - - - - 20    
                               
Education 1 year or less 36.8 52.6 31.6 26.3 21.1 52.6 10.5 21.1 47.4 - - - - 19    
Elementary school 39.1 54.7 25.0 35.9 20.3 40.6 7.8 18.8 50.0 1.6 4.7 1.6 - 64    
Junior high school 45.6 61.4 23.9 25.1 19.7 42.1 13.9 20.1 43.6 1.9 2.3 - - 259    
High school 57.4 54.3 21.3 31.6 16.0 34.8 19.5 23.4 40.1 0.7 1.1 - - 282    
Undergraduate diploma 55.8 53.7 20.2 27.6 20.5 30.6 22.6 33.8 33.8 0.9 0.6 - - 337    
Advanced degree (masters, doctorate) 50.0 38.9 22.2 30.6 22.2 25.0 30.6 38.9 41.7 - - - - 36    
Unclear - 100.0 100.0 - - 100.0 - - - - - - - 1    
Other 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 - - 50.0 - - - - - 2    
                               
Income 20000CNY 48.1 57.6 24.1 27.2 22.2 38.0 16.5 20.3 40.5 2.5 2.5 0.6 - 158    
20001-40000CNY 50.4 57.3 24.8 27.6 16.3 35.4 16.7 24.8 43.9 0.8 2.0 - - 246    
40001-60000CNY 56.0 55.4 21.7 28.6 18.3 38.3 16.0 25.7 37.1 1.1 1.7 - - 175    
60001-80000CNY 54.9 53.9 21.6 28.4 14.7 35.3 19.6 25.5 45.1 1.0 - - - 102    
80001-100000CNY 51.4 58.1 21.6 20.3 25.7 25.7 17.6 36.5 43.2 - - - - 74    
100001-150000CNY 50.0 56.1 18.3 31.7 18.3 35.4 25.6 29.3 32.9 1.2 1.2 - - 82    
150001-300000CNY 60.0 35.6 15.6 26.7 31.1 24.4 28.9 33.3 40.0 2.2 - - - 45    
300001CNY or more 45.0 35.0 10.0 45.0 15.0 35.0 25.0 50.0 40.0 - - - - 20    
Refused 53.3 68.3 18.3 33.3 13.3 40.0 21.7 21.7 30.0 - - - - 60    
DK 47.4 44.7 31.6 39.5 26.3 42.1 13.2 26.3 26.3 - 2.6 - - 38    
                                   
Q12 For your age, how satisfied are you with your health? Would you say…(READ OUT)                          
                                   
1 Very satisfied                                  
2 Fairly satisfied                                  
3 Fairly dissatisfied, or                                  
4 Very dissatisfied                                  
8 Other                                  
9 DK                                  
                                   
    1 2 3 4 8 9 Total N                
                                 
Total 18.2 62.1 14.3 5.2 0.1 0.1 100.0 1000                
                               
Gender Male 19.4 62.3 13.8 4.5 - - 100.0 506                
Female 17.0 61.9 14.8 5.9 0.2 0.2 100.0 494                
                               
Age Grope 18-24 30.0 54.0 15.0 1.0 - - 100.0 100                
25-29 15.4 61.2 16.5 6.9 - - 100.0 188                
30-34 12.7 61.0 19.5 5.9 0.8 - 99.9 118                
35-39 19.1 62.8 11.7 6.4 - - 100.0 94                
40-44 20.2 53.9 20.2 5.6 - - 99.9 89                
45-49 20.2 64.2 11.0 4.6 - - 100.0 109                
50-54 11.9 68.7 13.4 6.0 - - 100.0 67                
55-59 19.8 68.1 7.7 3.3 - 1.1 100.0 91                
60-64 12.3 67.1 13.7 6.8 - - 99.9 73                
65-69 19.4 67.7 6.5 6.5 - - 100.1 31                
70 or Older 22.5 62.5 12.5 2.5 - - 100.0 40                
                               
Male by Age Grope 18-24 34.5 52.7 12.7 - - - 99.9 55                
25-29 18.8 59.4 15.6 6.3 - - 100.1 96                
30-34 12.5 56.3 20.3 10.9 - - 100.0 64                
35-39 20.5 56.8 13.6 9.1 - - 100.0 44                
40-44 21.4 57.1 19.0 2.4 - - 99.9 42                
45-49 23.3 61.7 11.7 3.3 - - 100.0 60                
50-54 10.3 75.9 13.8 - - - 100.0 29                
55-59 14.6 75.0 8.3 2.1 - - 100.0 48                
60-64 20.6 67.6 8.8 2.9 - - 99.9 34                
65-69 7.1 85.7 7.1 - - - 99.9 14                
70 or Older 15.0 70.0 10.0 5.0 - - 100.0 20                
                               
Female byAge Grope 18-24 24.4 55.6 17.8 2.2 - - 100.0 45                
25-29 12.0 63.0 17.4 7.6 - - 100.0 92                
30-34 13.0 66.7 18.5 - 1.9 - 100.1 54                
35-39 18.0 68.0 10.0 4.0 - - 100.0 50                
40-44 19.1 51.1 21.3 8.5 - - 100.0 47                
45-49 16.3 67.3 10.2 6.1 - - 99.9 49                
50-54 13.2 63.2 13.2 10.5 - - 100.1 38                
55-59 25.6 60.5 7.0 4.7 - 2.3 100.1 43                
60-64 5.1 66.7 17.9 10.3 - - 100.0 39                
65-69 29.4 52.9 5.9 11.8 - - 100.0 17                
70 or Older 30.0 55.0 15.0 - - - 100.0 20                
                               
Education 1 year or less 31.6 63.2 - 5.3 - - 100.1 19                
Elementary school 29.7 54.7 6.3 7.8 - 1.6 100.1 64                
Junior high school 19.7 63.3 12.7 4.2 - - 99.9 259                
High school 18.4 60.6 15.2 5.7 - - 99.9 282                
Undergraduate diploma 14.8 64.7 15.1 5.0 0.3 - 99.9 337                
Advanced degree (masters, doctorate) 8.3 58.3 30.6 2.8 - - 100.0 36                
Unclear - - 100.0 - - - 100.0 1                
Other 50.0 - - 50.0 - - 100.0 2                
                               
Income 20000CNY 20.3 63.9 9.5 5.7 - 0.6 100.0 158                
20001-40000CNY 19.5 61.8 14.2 4.5 - - 100.0 246                
40001-60000CNY 16.6 67.4 12.6 3.4 - - 100.0 175                
60001-80000CNY 22.5 56.9 13.7 6.9 - - 100.0 102                
80001-100000CNY 16.2 58.1 20.3 5.4 - - 100.0 74                
100001-150000CNY 11.0 67.1 14.6 7.3 - - 100.0 82                
150001-300000CNY 22.2 44.4 22.2 8.9 2.2 - 99.9 45                
300001CNY or more 20.0 65.0 10.0 5.0 - - 100.0 20                
Refused 15.0 56.7 25.0 3.3 - - 100.0 60                
DK 15.8 71.1 7.9 5.3 - - 100.1 38                
                                   
                                   
Q13 Using the classifications on this card, how would you classify your current standard of living?                      
                                   
1 Upper                                  
2 Upper middle                                  
3 Middle                                  
4 Lower middle                                  
5 Lower                                  
8 Other                                  
9 DK                                  
                                   
    1 2 3 4 5 8 9 Total N              
                                 
Total 2.5 11.3 50.9 26.4 8.4 - 0.5 100.0 1000              
                               
Gender Male 2.0 8.7 48.0 30.4 10.1 - 0.8 100.0 506
Female 3.0 14.0 53.8 22.3 6.7 - 0.2 100.0 494
                 
Age Grope 18-24 6.0 14.0 46.0 29.0 4.0 - 1.0 100.0 100
25-29 1.1 7.4 52.7 32.4 6.4 - - 100.0 188
30-34 2.5 9.3 57.6 25.4 4.2 - 0.8 99.8 118
35-39 1.1 12.8 51.1 23.4 10.6 - 1.1 100.1 94
40-44 1.1 13.5 47.2 28.1 10.1 - - 100.0 89
45-49 0.9 10.1 48.6 32.1 7.3 - 0.9 99.9 109
50-54 6.0 4.5 61.2 19.4 9.0 - - 100.1 67
55-59 1.1 14.3 45.1 23.1 15.4 - 1.1 100.1 91
60-64 4.1 11.0 46.6 24.7 13.7 - - 100.1 73
65-69 6.5 12.9 54.8 19.4 6.5 - - 100.1 31
70 or Older 2.5 27.5 50.0 10.0 10.0 - - 100.0 40
                 
Male by Age Grope 18-24 5.5 10.9 50.9 25.5 5.5 - 1.8 100.1 55
25-29 2.1 2.1 49.0 37.5 9.4 - - 100.1 96
30-34 3.1 9.4 51.6 29.7 4.7 - 1.6 100.1 64
35-39 - 9.1 38.6 36.4 13.6 - 2.3 100.0 44
40-44 - 9.5 40.5 33.3 16.7 - - 100.0 42
45-49 1.7 8.3 38.3 38.3 11.7 - 1.7 100.0 60
50-54 3.4 3.4 65.5 20.7 6.9 - - 99.9 29
55-59 - 10.4 50.0 25.0 14.6 - - 100.0 48
60-64 - 11.8 58.8 17.6 11.8 - - 100.0 34
65-69 7.1 7.1 42.9 35.7 7.1 - - 99.9 14
70 or Older - 30.0 45.0 15.0 10.0 - - 100.0 20
                 
Female byAge Grope 18-24 6.7 17.8 40.0 33.3 2.2 - - 100.0 45
25-29 - 13.0 56.5 27.2 3.3 - - 100.0 92
30-34 1.9 9.3 64.8 20.4 3.7 - - 100.1 54
35-39 2.0 16.0 62.0 12.0 8.0 - - 100.0 50
40-44 2.1 17.0 53.2 23.4 4.3 - - 100.0 47
45-49 - 12.2 61.2 24.5 2.0 - - 99.9 49
50-54 7.9 5.3 57.9 18.4 10.5 - - 100.0 38
55-59 2.3 18.6 39.5 20.9 16.3 - 2.3 99.9 43
60-64 7.7 10.3 35.9 30.8 15.4 - - 100.1 39
65-69 5.9 17.6 64.7 5.9 5.9 - - 100.0 17
70 or Older 5.0 25.0 55.0 5.0 10.0 - - 100.0 20
                 
Education 1 year or less - 10.5 52.6 31.6 5.3 - - 100.0 19
Elementary school 4.7 15.6 45.3 20.3 14.1 - - 100.0 64
Junior high school 3.1 8.9 47.9 29.3 10.4 - 0.4 100.0 259
High school 2.8 9.9 51.4 25.2 10.3 - 0.4 100.0 282
Undergraduate diploma 1.5 12.5 54.0 26.7 4.7 - 0.6 100.0 337
Advanced degree (masters, doctorate) 2.8 19.4 52.8 19.4 2.8 - 2.8 100.0 36
Unclear - - - - 100.0 - - 100.0 1
Other - 50.0 - 50.0 - - - 100.0 2
                 
Income 20000CNY 2.5 10.8 41.8 31.0 13.3 - 0.6 100.0 158
20001-40000CNY 3.7 8.5 43.1 32.5 11.8 - 0.4 100.0 246
40001-60000CNY 2.9 10.3 53.1 26.9 6.3 - 0.6 100.1 175
60001-80000CNY 2.0 9.8 54.9 22.5 9.8 - 1.0 100.0 102
80001-100000CNY 1.4 13.5 59.5 23.0 2.7 - - 100.1 74
100001-150000CNY 2.4 13.4 56.1 23.2 4.9 - - 100.0 82
150001-300000CNY - 15.6 64.4 20.0 - - - 100.0 45
300001CNY or more - 45.0 45.0 5.0 5.0 - - 100.0 20
Refused 1.7 13.3 56.7 20.0 6.7 - 1.7 100.1 60
DK 2.6 5.3 68.4 18.4 5.3 - - 100.0 38
Q14 If you had to choose one, which would you prefer, more money or more free time?
1 More money
2 More free time
8 Other
9 DK
1 2 8 9 Total N
             
Total 71.7 27.0 0.5 0.8 100.0 1000                    
        0.0                      
Gender Male 68.2 30.0 0.8 1.0 100.0 506                    
Female 75.3 23.9 0.2 0.6 100.0 494                    
                               
Age Grope 18-24 61.0 34.0 1.0 4.0 100.0 100                    
25-29 71.8 27.1 - 1.1 100.0 188                    
30-34 62.7 35.6 1.7 - 100.0 118                    
35-39 70.2 29.8 - - 100.0 94                    
40-44 70.8 29.2 - - 100.0 89                    
45-49 74.3 24.8 - 0.9 100.0 109                    
50-54 82.1 17.9 - - 100.0 67                    
55-59 79.1 18.7 1.1 1.1 100.0 91                    
60-64 80.8 19.2 - - 100.0 73                    
65-69 87.1 12.9 - - 100.0 31                    
70 or Older 60.0 37.5 2.5 - 100.0 40                    
                               
Male by Age Grope 18-24 56.4 36.4 1.8 5.5 100.1 55                    
25-29 68.8 31.3 - - 100.1 96                    
30-34 57.8 40.6 1.6 - 100.0 64                    
35-39 65.9 34.1 - - 100.0 44                    
40-44 76.2 23.8 - - 100.0 42                    
45-49 70.0 28.3 - 1.7 100.0 60                    
50-54 79.3 20.7 - - 100.0 29                    
55-59 77.1 18.8 2.1 2.1 100.1 48                    
60-64 79.4 20.6 - - 100.0 34                    
65-69 78.6 21.4 - - 100.0 14