(Received August 13, 1990; revised January 18, 1993)
Abstract. In this paper, we consider the estimation of the slope parameter beta of a simple structural linear regression model when the reliability ratio (Fuller (1987), Measurement Error Models, Wiley, New York) is considered to be known. By making use of an orthogonal transformation of the unknown parameters, the maximum likelihood estimator of beta and its asymptotic distribution are derived. Likelihood ratio statistics based on the profile and on the conditional profile likelihoods are proposed. An exact marginal posterior distribution of beta, which is shown to be a t-distribution is obtained. Results of a small Monte Carlo study are also reported.
Key words and phrases: Orthogonality, profile likelihood, measurement error model, conditional model, likelihood ratio statistic, marginal posterior distribution.
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